Genetica

, Volume 119, Issue 1, pp 93–97

Genetic Divergence Between Cyprinus carpio carpio and Cyprinus carpio haematopterus as Assessed by Mitochondrial DNA Analysis, with Emphasis on Origin of European Domestic Carp

Authors

  • Jian Feng Zhou
    • State Key Laboratory of Freshwater Ecology and Biotechnology, Institute of HydrobiologyChinese Academy of Sciences
  • Qing Jiang Wu
    • State Key Laboratory of Freshwater Ecology and Biotechnology, Institute of HydrobiologyChinese Academy of Sciences
  • Yu Zhen Ye
    • State Key Laboratory of Freshwater Ecology and Biotechnology, Institute of HydrobiologyChinese Academy of Sciences
  • Jin Gou Tong
    • State Key Laboratory of Freshwater Ecology and Biotechnology, Institute of HydrobiologyChinese Academy of Sciences
Article

DOI: 10.1023/A:1024421001015

Cite this article as:
Zhou, J.F., Wu, Q.J., Ye, Y.Z. et al. Genetica (2003) 119: 93. doi:10.1023/A:1024421001015

Abstract

Although common carp is the major fish species in Asian and European aquaculture and many domestic varieties have occurred, there is a controversy about the origination of European domestic common carp. Some scientists affirmed that the ancestor of European domestic common carp was Danube River wild common carp, but others considered it might be Asian common carp. For elucidating origination of European domestic common carp, we chose two representative European domestic common carp strains (German mirror carp and Russian scattered scaled mirror carp) and one wild common carp strain of Cyprinus carpio carpio subspecies (Volga River wild common carp) and two Asian common carp strains, the Yangtze River wild common carp (Cyprinus carpiohaematopterus) and traditionally domestic Xingguo red common carp, as experimental materials. ND5–ND6 and D-loop segments of mitochondrial DNA were amplified by polymerase chain reaction and analyzed through restriction fragment length polymorphism (RFLP) and sequencing respectively. The results revealed that HaeIII and DdeI digestion patterns of ND5–ND6 segment and sequences of control region were different between European subspecies C. carpio carpio and Asian subspecies C. carpio haematopterus. Phylogenetic analysis showed that German mirror carp and Russian scattered scaled mirror carp belonged to two subspecies, C. carpio carpio and C. carpio haematopterus, respectively. Therefore, there were different ancestors for domestic carp in Europe: German mirror carp was domesticated from European subspecies C. carpio carpio and Russian scattered scaled mirror carp originated from Asian subspecies C. carpio haematopterus.

control regionCyprinus carpiodomestic carp originND5–ND6

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© Kluwer Academic Publishers 2003