Motivation and Emotion

, Volume 21, Issue 4, pp 275–296

Motivational Systems and Stress-Related Cardiovascular Reactivity

  • Joe Tomaka
  • Rebecca L. Palacios-Esquivel

DOI: 10.1023/A:1024414005745

Cite this article as:
Tomaka, J. & Palacios-Esquivel, R.L. Motivation and Emotion (1997) 21: 275. doi:10.1023/A:1024414005745


This study examined the relation of motivational systems to patterns of autonomic responses to stress. Specifically, we examined patterns of physiological response resulting from differential activation of motivational systems for behavioral approach and behavioral inhibition. We also examined the relation of these motivational systems to threat and challenge responses to potential stress. Self-report, cardiac measures (i.e., pre-injection period, or PEP, and heart rate, or HR), and blood pressure (i.e., systolic blood pressure, or SBP, and diastolic blood pressure, or DBP) measures reliably distinguished between an experimental condition facilitating behavioral approach and an experimental condition facilitating coactivation of behavioral approach and behavioral inhibition systems. Vascular (e.g., total peripheral resistance, or TPR) and electrodermal (e.g., electrodermal response, or EDR) measures, however, did not vary by condition. We discuss the results in relation to other research on motivational factors as they relate to stress and cardiovascular reactivity.

Copyright information

© Plenum Publishing Corporation 1997

Authors and Affiliations

  • Joe Tomaka
    • 1
  • Rebecca L. Palacios-Esquivel
    • 2
  1. 1.Department of PsychologyUniversity of Texas at El PasoEl Paso
  2. 2.University of Texas at El PasoUSA