, Volume 10, Issue 2, pp 139-150

Synthesis, characterization and properties of methylaminocellulose

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Abstract

Homogeneously prepared tosylcelluloses (TC) with degrees of substitution (DS) of DSTos 0.1–1.8 were used as intermediates for the synthesis of methylaminocelluloses (MAC) by nucleophilic substitution with methylamine. TC with DSTos up to 1.1 were shown to be valuable intermediates for selective synthesis of MAC with DSMA varying from 0.1 to approximately 1. No nucleophilic substitution was observed at higher DSTos. At the chosen reaction conditions (60 °C, 48 h) residual tosyl moieties remained unchanged and little hydrolysis took place. The samples obtained were characterized by means of elemental analysis, FTIR and 13C CP/MAS NMR spectroscopy. 13C CP/MAS NMR spectroscopy was found to be an efficient tool for quantification of DSMA. Furthermore, the swelling behaviour in water was investigated and preliminary tests concerning the bilirubin adsorption capacity of MAC were carried out.