Photonic band gaps in 12-fold symmetric quasicrystals

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Abstract

The 12-fold symmetric quasicrystal shows great potential as a novel photonic band gap (PBG) structure exhibiting a band gap for relatively low filling fractions and dielectric contrasts. The band gaps are highly homogeneous with respect to the angle of incidence of the incoming light due to the crystal's high degree of rotational symmetry. These crystals have been analyzed using a finite element method developed specifically for modelling PBG structures. We present and discuss quasicrystal structures and their optical properties.