, Volume 52, Issue 2, pp 421-432

Complete sequence analysis of transgene loci from plants transformed via microprojectile bombardment

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Abstract

A substantial literature exists characterizing transgene locus structure from plants transformed via Agrobacterium and direct DNA delivery. However, there is little comprehensive sequence analysis of transgene loci available, especially from plants transformed by direct delivery methods. The goal of this study was to completely sequence transgene loci from two oat lines transformed via microprojectile bombardment that were shown to have simple transgene loci by Southern analysis. In line 3830, transformed with a single plasmid, one major and one of two minor loci were completely sequenced. Both loci exhibited rearranged delivered DNA and flanking genomic sequences. The minor locus contained only 296 bp of two non-contiguous fragments of the delivered DNA flanked by genomic (filler) DNA that did not originate from the integration target site. Predicted recognition sites for topoisomerase II and a MAR region were observed in the transgene integration target site for this non-functional minor locus. Line 11929, co-transformed with two different plasmids, had a single relatively simple transgene locus composed of truncated and rearranged sequences from both delivered DNAs. The transgene loci in both lines exhibited multiple transgene and genomic DNA rearrangements and regions of scrambling characteristic of complex transgene loci. The similar characteristics of recombined fragments and junctions in both transgenic oat lines implicate similar mechanisms of transgene integration and rearrangement regardless of the number of co-transformed plasmids and the level of transgene locus complexity.