Compilation and Discussion of Trends in Severe Storms in the United States: Popular Perception v. Climate Reality
Rent the article at a discountRent now
* Final gross prices may vary according to local VAT.Get Access
The ongoing greenhouse gas buildup and increase in near-surface air temperatures may have an impact on severe weather events in the United States. Output from some numerical modeling simulations suggests that the atmosphere over mid-latitude land areas could become more unstable in the future thereby supporting an increase in convective activity. However, despite the numerical simulation results, empiricists have been unable generally to identify significant increases in overall severe storm activity as measured in the magnitude and/or frequency of thunderstorms, hail events, tornadoes, hurricanes, and winter storm activity across the United States. There is evidence that heavy precipitation events have increased during the period of historical records, but for many other severe weather categories, the trends have been downward over the past half century. Damage from severe weather has increased over this period, but this upward trend disappears when inflation, population growth, population redistribution, and wealth are taken into account.
- Branick, M. L.: 1997, A climatology of significant winter-type weather events in the contiguous United States, 1982–1994, Weather and Forecasting 12, 193–207.
- Brooks, H. E. and Doswell, C. A.: 2001, Normalized damage from major tornadoes in the United States: 1890–1999, Weather and Forecasting 16, 168–176.
- Changnon, S. A.: 2001a, Assessment of the quality of thunderstorm data at first-order stations. J. Appl. Meteorol. 40, 783–794.
- Changnon, S. A.: 2001b, Thunderstorm rainfall in the conterminous United States, Bulletin of the American Meteorological Society 82, 1925–1940.
- Changnon, S. A. and Changnon, D.: 2000, Long-term fluctuations in hail incidences in the United States, J. Climate 13, 658–664.
- Changnon, S. A. and Changnon, D.: 2001, Long-term fluctuations in thunderstorm activity in the United States, Climatic Change 50, 489–503.
- Changnon, S. A., Changnon, J. M., and Hewings, G. J. D.: 2001, Losses caused by weather and climate extremes: A national index for the United States, Phys. Geogr. 22, 1–27.
- Dery, S. J. and Yau, M. K.: 1999, A climatology of adverse winter-type weather events. J. Geophys. Res. 104, 16657–16672.
- Druyan, L. M., Lonergan, P., and Eichler, T.: 1999, A GCM investigation of global warming impacts relevant to tropical cyclone genesis, Int. J. Climatol. 19, 607–617.
- Easterling, D. R., Evans, J. L., Groisman, P. Y., Karl, T. R., Kunkel, K. E., and Ambenje, P.: 2000, Observed variability and trends in extreme climate events: A brief review, Bulletin of the American Meteorological Society 81, 417–425.
- Easterling, D. R., Horton, B., Jones, P. D., Peterson, T. C., Karl, T. R., Parker, D. E., Salinger, M. J., Razuvayev, V., Plummer, N., Jamason, P., and Folland, C. K.: 1997, Maximum and minimum temperature trends for the globe, Science 277, 364–367.
- Elsner, J. B., Jagger, T., and Niu, X.-F.: 2000, Changes in the rates of North Atlantic major hurricane activity during the 20th century, Geophysical Res. Lett. 27, 1743–1746.
- Emanuel, K.: 1988, The maximum intensity of hurricanes, J. Atmos. Sci. 45, 1143–1155.
- Emanuel, K. A.: 1986, An air-sea interaction theory for tropical cyclones. Part I: Steady-state maintenance, J. Atmos. Sci. 43, 585–604.
- Emanuel, K. A.: 1987, The dependence of hurricane intensity on climate, Nature 326, 483–485.
- Grazulis, T. P.: 1993, Significant tornadoes: 1680–1991, Environ. Films 1326 pp.
- Grazulis, T. P.: 2001, The Tornado: Nature's Ultimate Windstorm, University of Oklahoma Press, 324 pp.
- Groisman, P. Y., Knight, R. W., and Karl, T. R. 2001, Heavy precipitation and high stream flow in the contiguous United States: Trends in the twentieth century, Bulletin of the American Meteorological Society 82, 219–246.
- Hirsch, M. E., DeGaetano, A. T., and Colucci, S. J.: 2001, An East Coast winter storm climatology, J. Climate 14, 882–899.
- Huschke, R. W.: 1959, Glossary of Meteorology, American Meteorological Society, 638 pp.
- IPCC: 2001, Climate change 2001, The Scientific Basis: Summary for Policymakers and Technical Summary of the Working Group I Report. Cambridge, Cambridge University Press.
- Karl, T.R., and Knight, R. W.: 1998, Secular trends of precipitation amount, frequency, and intensity in the United States, Bulletin of the American Meteorological Society 79, 231–241.
- Karl, T. R., Knight, R. W., Easterling, D. R., and Quayle, R. G.: 1995, Trends in U.S. climate during the twentieth century, Consequences 1, 3–12.
- Knutson, T. R., Tuleya, R. E., Shen, W., and Ginis, I.: 2001, Impact of CO2-induced warming on hurricane intensities as simulated in a hurricane model with ocean coupling, J. Climate 14, 2458–2468.
- Kocin, P. J., Schumacher, P. N., Morales, R. F., and Uccelini, L. W.: 1995, Overview of the 12–14 March 1993 superstorm, Bulletin of the American Meteorological Society 76, 165–182.
- Kunkel, K. E., Pielke Jr., R. A., and Changnon, S. A.: 1999, Temporal fluctuations in weather and climate extremes that cause economic and human health impacts: A review, Bulletin of the American Meteorological Society 80, 1077–1098.
- Pielke, R. A. and Landsea, C. W.: 1998, Normalized hurricane damages in the United States: 1925–1995, Weather and Forecasting 13, 621–631.
- Shen, W., Ginis, I., and Tuleya, R. E.: 2000, A sensitivity study of the thermodynamic environment on GFDL model hurricane intensity: Implications for global warming, J. Climate 13, 109–121.
- Ungar, S.: 1999, Is strange weather in the air? A study of U.S. national network news coverage of extreme weather events, Climatic Change 41, 133–150.
- Wallace, J. M.: 1975, Diurnal variations in precipitation and thunderstorm frequency over the conterminous United States. Mon. Wea. Rev. 103, 406–419.
- Wallace, J. M., Christy, J. R., Gaffen, D. J., Grody, N. C., Hansen, J. E., Parker, D. E., Peterson, T. C., Santer, B. D., Spencer, R.W., Trenberth, K. E., and Wentz, F. J.: 2000, Reconciling Observations of Global Temperature Change, National Academy Press, Washington, D.C.
- Wilson, R. M.: 1999, Statistical aspects of major (intense) hurricanes in the Atlantic basin during the past 49 hurricane seasons (1950–1998): Implications for the current season, Geophys. Res. Lett. 26, 2957–2960.
- Zhang, K. Q., Douglas, B. C., and Leatherman, S. P.: 2000, Twentieth-century storm activity along the US east coast, J. Climate 13, 1748–1761.
- Compilation and Discussion of Trends in Severe Storms in the United States: Popular Perception v. Climate Reality
Volume 29, Issue 2 , pp 103-112
- Cover Date
- Print ISSN
- Online ISSN
- Kluwer Academic Publishers
- Additional Links
- Industry Sectors