Character Assessment: An Examination of Leadership Levels
Rent the article at a discountRent now
* Final gross prices may vary according to local VAT.Get Access
This paper discusses character assessment from a leadership level perspective. The organization studied is developing a leadership model for the next century. One of the leadership traits identified as essential was character. Approximately one thousand managers in the company were given two character assessment instruments via a Web-based medium. Significant differences were found between early-, mid-, and mature-level managers with an increasing trend in character traits across the levels. This research is consistent with Katz and Kahn's (1976) levels of leadership research.
- Abshire, D. (2000). Presidential Hubris. National Forum, 80, 45–49.
- Abshire, D. (2001). Presidential Turning Points. Commencement Speech to Georgetown University School of Foreign Service, Washington, DC.
- Cashman, K. (1999). How to be a Real Leader. Fast Company, 24, 62–65.
- Chemers, M.M. (2000). Leadership Research and Theory A Functional Integration. Group Dynamics: Theory and Research, 4, 27–43.
- Clowney, K. (2001). New Definition of Leadership. Executive Excellence, 18, 8–10.
- Crowne, D.P., & Marlowe, D. (1960). A New Scale of Social Desirability Independent of Psychopathology. Journal of Consulting Psychology, 24, 349–354.
- Fiedler, F. E. (1964). A contingency model of leadership effectiveness. In L. Berkowitz (Ed.), Advances in experimental social psychology. New York, NY: Academic Press.
- Gergen, D. (2001). Character of Leadership. Executive Excellence, 18, 5–7.
- Hendrix, W.H. (2001). Behavioral and value-based character assessment system development and validation. Paper presented at the 27th Annual Association for Moral Education Meeting, Vancouver, Canada.
- Hendrix, W.H. & Berkowitz, M.W. (2000). Development of an attitudinal and behavioral character development assessment system. Paper presented at the 26th Annual Association of Moral Education Conference, Glasgow, Scotland.
- Josephson, M.S. (1991). Character: Linchpin of Leadership. Executive Excellence, 16. 2–4.
- Katz, D., & Kahn, R. (1976). Leadership. New York, NY: John Wiley & Sons. 525–576.
- Kirkpatrick, S.A., and Locke, E.A. (1991). Leadership: Do traits matter? The Executive, 5, 48–60.
- Krulak. C.C. (1999). The Strategic Corporal: Leadership in the Three-Block War. Marine Corps Gazette, 18–22.
- Lauterbach, K.E. & Weiner, B.J. (1996). Dynamics of Upward Influence: How Male and Female Managers Get Their Way. Leadership Quarterly, 7, 87–107.
- Lickona, T. (1991). Educating for Character. New York, NY: Bantam Books.
- Meyer, E.C. (1997). Leadership: A Return to Basics. Military Review, 77, 58–62.
- Mumford, M.D., Marks, M.A., Connelly, M.S., Zaccaro, S.J., & Reiter-Palmon, R. (2000). Development of Leadership Skills: Experience and Timing. Leadership Quarterly, 11, 28–32.
- Rest, J.R., & Narvaez, D. (1994). Moral Development in the Professions: Psychology and Applied Ethics. Hillside, NJ: Lawrence Erlbaum Associates.
- Sun Tzu. (1963). The Art of War. New York, NY: Oxford University Press.
- Thunholm, P. (2001). Social Desirability in Personality Testing of Military Officers. Military Psychology, 13, 223–234.
- Character Assessment: An Examination of Leadership Levels
Journal of Business and Psychology
Volume 17, Issue 4 , pp 563-584
- Cover Date
- Print ISSN
- Online ISSN
- Kluwer Academic Publishers-Plenum Publishers
- Additional Links
- character assessment
- Industry Sectors