Journal of Business and Psychology

, Volume 17, Issue 4, pp 563–584

Character Assessment: An Examination of Leadership Levels


    • Air University
  • Mark Jordan
    • Air University
  • William H. Hendrix
    • US Air Force Academy

DOI: 10.1023/A:1023408403204

Cite this article as:
Barlow, C.B., Jordan, M. & Hendrix, W.H. Journal of Business and Psychology (2003) 17: 563. doi:10.1023/A:1023408403204


This paper discusses character assessment from a leadership level perspective. The organization studied is developing a leadership model for the next century. One of the leadership traits identified as essential was character. Approximately one thousand managers in the company were given two character assessment instruments via a Web-based medium. Significant differences were found between early-, mid-, and mature-level managers with an increasing trend in character traits across the levels. This research is consistent with Katz and Kahn's (1976) levels of leadership research.

assessmentcharacter assessmentleadership

Copyright information

© Human Sciences Press, Inc. 2003