Journal of Business and Psychology

, Volume 17, Issue 4, pp 563–584

Character Assessment: An Examination of Leadership Levels


    • Air University
  • Mark Jordan
    • Air University
  • William H. Hendrix
    • US Air Force Academy

DOI: 10.1023/A:1023408403204

Cite this article as:
Barlow, C.B., Jordan, M. & Hendrix, W.H. Journal of Business and Psychology (2003) 17: 563. doi:10.1023/A:1023408403204


This paper discusses character assessment from a leadership level perspective. The organization studied is developing a leadership model for the next century. One of the leadership traits identified as essential was character. Approximately one thousand managers in the company were given two character assessment instruments via a Web-based medium. Significant differences were found between early-, mid-, and mature-level managers with an increasing trend in character traits across the levels. This research is consistent with Katz and Kahn's (1976) levels of leadership research.

assessment character assessment leadership

Copyright information

© Human Sciences Press, Inc. 2003