, Volume 489, Issue 1, pp 21–27

Physiological indicators of nutrient deficiency in phytoplankton in southern Chilean lakes

  • Gail S. Steinhart
  • Gene E. Likens
  • Doris Soto

DOI: 10.1023/A:1023271331086

Cite this article as:
Steinhart, G.S., Likens, G.E. & Soto, D. Hydrobiologia (2002) 489: 21. doi:10.1023/A:1023271331086


We assessed the nutrient status of phytoplankton in 28 lakes in southern Chile using two types of physiological indicators: specific alkaline phosphatase activity, and the elemental composition (carbon, nitrogen, and phosphorus) of seston. Alkaline phosphatase activity ranged from 0.001 to 0.11 μmol P μg chl−1 h−1, with P-deficiency indicated in about one-half the study lakes. C:N ranged from 3.9 to 24, C:P ranged from 86 to 919, and N:P ranged from 8.7 to 99. C:P and N:P ratios greater than the Redfield ratio were common, suggesting P deficiency in many of the lakes. C:N ratios were not generally indicative of N deficiency. Previous studies have suggested N may be the primary limiting nutrient in southern Chilean lakes, but our results indicate that P should not be discounted as a limiting nutrient.

nutrient limitation phytoplankton Chile seston composition 

Copyright information

© Kluwer Academic Publishers 2002

Authors and Affiliations

  • Gail S. Steinhart
    • 1
    • 2
  • Gene E. Likens
    • 2
  • Doris Soto
    • 4
  1. 1.Department of Ecology and Evolutionary BiologyCornell UniversityIthacaUSA
  2. 2.Institute of Ecosystem StudiesMillbrookUSA
  3. 3.Cornell UniversityIthacaUSA
  4. 4.Facultad de Pesquerías y OceanografíaUniversidad Austral de ChilePuerto MonttChile

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