Environmental Biology of Fishes

, Volume 66, Issue 1, pp 9–14

Effects of Hatchery Rearing on Brain Structures of Rainbow Trout, Oncorhynchus mykiss

  • Michael P. Marchetti
  • Gabrielle A. Nevitt

DOI: 10.1023/A:1023269221678

Cite this article as:
Marchetti, M.P. & Nevitt, G.A. Environmental Biology of Fishes (2003) 66: 9. doi:10.1023/A:1023269221678


In this study, we contrast brain morphology from hatchery and wild reared stocks to examine the hypothesis that in salmonid fishes, captive rearing produces changes in brain development. Using rainbow trout, Oncorhynchus mykiss, as a model, we measured eight regions of the salmonid brain to examine differences between wild and hatchery reared fish. We find using multiple analysis of covariance (MANCOVA), analysis of covariance (ANCOVA) and discriminant function analysis (DFA) that the brains of hatchery reared fish are relatively smaller in several critical measures than their wild counterparts. Our work may suggest a mechanistic basis for the observed vulnerability of hatchery fish to predation and their general low survival upon release into the wild. Our results are the first to highlight the effects of hatchery rearing on changes in brain development inbreak fishes.

salmonidae domestic fishes brain size neurobiology conservation discriminant function analysis 

Copyright information

© Kluwer Academic Publishers 2003

Authors and Affiliations

  • Michael P. Marchetti
    • 1
  • Gabrielle A. Nevitt
    • 2
  1. 1.Department of BiologyCalifornia State University ChicoChicoU.S.A.
  2. 2.Section of Neurobiology, Physiology and Behavior, Division of Biological SciencesUniversity of California DavisDavisU.S.A

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