The Relation Between Sandstorms and Strong Winds in Xinjiang, China
Rent the article at a discountRent now
* Final gross prices may vary according to local VAT.Get Access
With observational data spanning 1961–1999 from 90 meteorological stations in Xinjiang, China, the spatial and temporal characteristics of sandstorms and strong winds, and the contribution of strong winds to the occurrence of sandstormsare analyzed. Moreover, the dominant wind direction and minimumwind speeds during sandstorm periods are discussed. The research shows that although possessing similar climatic trends, sandstorms and strong winds in Xinjiang have opposite geographical distributions, i.e. places with more sandstorms show fewer strong winds. The contribution of strongwinds to sandstorms in northern Xinjiang is larger than that insouthern Xinjiang. The dominant wind directions clearly indicatethe paths of the weather systems that introduced the sandstorms.The minimum wind speeds in the sandstorms were over 10 ms-1in northern and eastern Xinjiang and in the Turpan and Yanqi Basins of southern Xinjiang. In Tarim Basin of southern Xinjiang,however, the minimum wind speed was about 6–8 ms-1, and even 6 ms-1 at its southern edge.
- Chung, Y. S.: 1992, ‘On the observations of yellow sand in Korea’, Atmos. Environ. 26A, 2743–2749.
- Chung, Y. S. and Yoon, M. B.: 1996, ‘On the occurrence of yellow sand and atmospheric loading’, Atmos. Environ. 30, 2387–2397.
- Duce, R. A., Unni, C. K., Ray, B. J., Prospero, J. M. and Merrill, J. T.: 1980, ‘Long-range atmospheric transport of soil dust from Asia to the tropical North Pacific: Temporal variability’, Science 209, 1522–1524.
- Dulac, F., Tanre, D., Bergametti, G., Buat-Menard, P., Desbois, M. and Sutton, D.: 1992, ‘Assessment of the African airborne dust mass over the western Mediterranean Sea using METEOSAT data’, J. Geophys. Res. 97, 2489–2560.
- Gao, Y., Arimoto, R., Zhou, M. Y., Merill, J. T. and Duce, R. A.: 1992, ‘Relationships between the dust concentrations over eastern Asia and the remote North Pacific’, J. Geophys. Res. 97, 9867–9872.
- Goudie, A. S.: 1983, ‘Dust storm in space and time’, Process Phys. Geograph. 7, 502–508.
- Helgren, D. M. and Prospero, J. M.: 1987, ‘Wind velocities associated with dust deflation events in the western Sahara’, J. Climate Appl. Meteor. 26, 1147–1151.
- Littmann, T.: 1991, ‘Dust storm frequency in Asia: Climatic control and variability’, Inter. J. Climatol. 11, 393–412.
- McKendry, I. G., Hacker, J. P. and Stull, R.: 2001, ‘Long-range transport of Asian Dust to the Lower Fraser Valley, B. C., Canada’, J. Geophys. Res. 106, 18361–18370.
- Parrington, J. R., Zoller, W. H. and Aras, N. K.: 1983, ‘Asian dust: Seasonal transport to the Hawaiian Islands’, Science 220, 195–197.
- Quan, L. S., Shi, S. Y., Zhu, Y. F. and Qian, W. H.: 2001, ‘The spatial and temporal characters of sand-dust weather in China and its contribution factor’, ACTA Geographica Sinica 56, 477–485 (in Chinese).
- Tullett, M. T.: 1984, ‘Saharan dust fall in Northern Ireland’, Weather 39, 151–152.
- Westphal, D., Toon, O. B. and Carlson, T. N.: 1988, ‘A case study of mobilization and transport of Sahara dust’, J. Atmos. Sci. 45, 2145–2175.
- Xu, J. L., Zhou, B. B. and Hu, M. H.: 1992, ‘Study on the numerical modeling of particulate matter in Shanghai’, Atmos. Environ. 26A, 2679–2688.
- The Relation Between Sandstorms and Strong Winds in Xinjiang, China
Water, Air and Soil Pollution: Focus
Volume 3, Issue 2 , pp 67-79
- Cover Date
- Print ISSN
- Online ISSN
- Kluwer Academic Publishers
- Additional Links
- dominant wind direction
- minimum wind speed
- strong wind
- Author Affiliations
- 1. Xinjiang Center of Environmental Meteorology, Urumqi, Xinjiang, China (author for correspondence
- 2. START Regional Center for Temperate East Asia, Institute of Atmospheric Physics, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing, China
- 3. China-Korea Center for Atmospheric Research, Department of Geophysics, Peking University, Beijing, China
- 4. Korea-China Center for Atmospheric Research, Chongwon, Korea