, Volume 130, Issue 3, pp 365-375

Environmental factors influence the expression of resistance to sorghum midge, Stenodiplosis sorghicola

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Abstract

Host plant resistance is an effective means of controlling sorghum midge (Stenodiplosis sorghicola). We studied the influence of environmental factors on expression of resistance to sorghum midge in three midge-resistant and two midge-susceptible genotypes. Midge-resistant lines AF 28, ICSV 197, and TAM 2566 suffered 8.8 to 17.3% damage across seven so wings compared to 25.6%damage in ICSV 112, and 69.4% damage in CSH 5. Susceptibility of the midge-resistant lines (AF 28, ICSV 197, and TAM 2566) decreased with an increase in open pan evaporation, maximum and minimum temperatures, and solar radiation; while the midge-susceptible lines (ICSV 112 and CSH 5) showed a poor interaction with these factors. Midge damage in ICSV 197 showed a negative correlation with minimum temperature and relative humidity and positive correlation with sunshine hours,while the reverse was true for CSH 5. Grain growth rate between 0 and 3 days after anthesis was lower in crops sown on 1st October, when AF 28 and ICSV 197 suffered maximum midge damage. Maximum and minimum temperatures and maximum relative humidity influenced the moisture content of the grain, grain growth rate, and sorghum midge damage. There was considerable variation in genotype × environment interaction for expression of resistance to sorghum midge,and the implications of these results have been discussed in relation to development of sorghum cultivars with resistance to this insect.

This revised version was published online in August 2006 with corrections to the Cover Date.