A Specific Real-Time Quantitative PCR Detection System for Event MON810 in Maize YieldGard® Based on the 3′-Transgene Integration Sequence
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- Hernández, M., Pla, M., Esteve, T. et al. Transgenic Res (2003) 12: 179. doi:10.1023/A:1022979624333
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The increasing presence of transgenic plant derivatives in a wide range of animal and human consumables has provoked in western Europe a strong demand for appropriate detection methods to evaluate the existence of transgenic elements. Among the different techniques currently used, the real-time quantitative PCR is a powerful technology well adapted to the mandatory labeling requirements in the European Union (EU). The use of transgene flanking genomic sequences has recently been suggested as a means to avoid ambiguous results both in qualitative and quantitative PCR-based technologies. In this study we report the identification of genomic sequences adjacent to the 3′-integration site of event MON810 in transgenic maize. This genetically modified crop contains transgene sequences leading to ectopic expression of a synthetic CryIA(b) endotoxin which confers resistance to lepidopteran insects especially against the European corn borer. The characterization of the genome–transgene junction sequences by means of TAIL-PCR has facilitated the design of a specific, sensitive and accurate quantification method based on TaqMan chemistry. Cloning of event MON810 3′-junction region has also allowed to compare the suitability of plasmid target sequences versus genomic DNA obtained from certified reference materials (CRMs), to prepare standard calibration curves for quantification.