Evaluation of patch isolation metrics in mosaic landscapes for specialist vs. generalist dispersers
- Cite this article as:
- Tischendorf, L., Bender, D.J. & Fahrig, L. Landscape Ecol (2003) 18: 41. doi:10.1023/A:1022908109982
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We examined the effects of matrix structure and movement responses of organisms on the relationships between 7 patch isolation metrics and patch immigration. Our analysis was based on simulating movement behaviour of two generic disperser types (specialist and generalist) across mosaic landscapes containing three landcover types: habitat, hospitable matrix and inhospitable matrix. Movement, mortality and boundary crossing probabilities of simulated individuals were linked to the landcover and boundary types in the landscapes. The results indicated that area-based isolation metrics generally predict patch immigration more reliably than distance-based isolation metrics. Relationships between patch isolation metrics and patch immigration varied between the two generic disperser types and were affected by matrix composition or matrix fragmentation. Patch immigration was always affected by matrix composition but not by matrix fragmentation. Our results do not encourage the generic use of patch isolation metrics as a substitute for patch immigration, in particular in metapopulation models where generic use may result in wrong projections of the survival probability of metapopulations. However, our examination of the factors affecting the predictive potential of patch isolation metrics should facilitate interpretation and comparison of existing patch isolation studies. Future patch isolation studies should include information about landscape structure and the dispersal distance and dispersal behaviour of the organism of interest.