Importance of Human Needs During Retrospective Peacetime and the Persian Gulf War: Mideastern Employees
- Cite this article as:
- Tang, T.LP. & Safwat Ibrahim, A.H. International Journal of Stress Management (1998) 5: 25. doi:10.1023/A:1022902803386
This study examined the importance of needs during the retrospective peacetime in 1990 and the Persian Gulf War in 1991 using a sample of 378 employees in the Middle East. Results of factor analyses identified three levels of needs during peacetime and wartime. Factor structures of needs did change from peacetime to wartime and were different. The patterns of needs identified in this study were different from needs theories developed in the U.S. Results were discussed in light of cultural differences, available resources in the environment, and the Persian Gulf War.