International Journal of Stress Management

, Volume 5, Issue 1, pp 25–37

Importance of Human Needs During Retrospective Peacetime and the Persian Gulf War: Mideastern Employees

Authors

  • Thomas Li-Ping Tang
    • Department of Management and Marketing, College of BusinessMiddle Tennessee State University
  • Abdul H. Safwat Ibrahim
    • College of Specific Education
Article

DOI: 10.1023/A:1022902803386

Cite this article as:
Tang, T.L. & Safwat Ibrahim, A.H. International Journal of Stress Management (1998) 5: 25. doi:10.1023/A:1022902803386
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Abstract

This study examined the importance of needs during the retrospective peacetime in 1990 and the Persian Gulf War in 1991 using a sample of 378 employees in the Middle East. Results of factor analyses identified three levels of needs during peacetime and wartime. Factor structures of needs did change from peacetime to wartime and were different. The patterns of needs identified in this study were different from needs theories developed in the U.S. Results were discussed in light of cultural differences, available resources in the environment, and the Persian Gulf War.

importance of human needspeacetimewartimeMideastern employees

Copyright information

© Human Sciences Press, Inc. 1998