International Journal of Stress Management

, Volume 5, Issue 1, pp 25-37

Importance of Human Needs During Retrospective Peacetime and the Persian Gulf War: Mideastern Employees

  • Thomas Li-Ping TangAffiliated withDepartment of Management and Marketing, College of Business, Middle Tennessee State University
  • , Abdul H. Safwat IbrahimAffiliated withCollege of Specific Education

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This study examined the importance of needs during the retrospective peacetime in 1990 and the Persian Gulf War in 1991 using a sample of 378 employees in the Middle East. Results of factor analyses identified three levels of needs during peacetime and wartime. Factor structures of needs did change from peacetime to wartime and were different. The patterns of needs identified in this study were different from needs theories developed in the U.S. Results were discussed in light of cultural differences, available resources in the environment, and the Persian Gulf War.

importance of human needs peacetime wartime Mideastern employees