Synthesis of Mg-Ti alloy by mechanical alloying
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- Liang, G. & Schulz, R. Journal of Materials Science (2003) 38: 1179. doi:10.1023/A:1022889100360
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Mg-based Mg-Ti binary alloys have been synthesized by mechanical alloying of Mg and Ti powder blends. It was found that mechanical alloying of Mg and Ti results in a nanocrystalline Mg-Ti alloy and an extended solubility of Ti in Mg, due to the favorable size factor and the isomorphous structure of Mg and Ti. In the case of Mg-20at.%Ti, about 12.5% Ti is dissolved in the Mg lattice when the mechanical alloying process reaches a stable state. The rest (about 7.5 at.%) remains as fine particles in the size of 50–150 nm in diameter. Dissolution of 12.5 at.% Ti in the Mg lattice causes a contraction of the unit cell volume from 0.0464 to 0.0442 nm3 and a decrease of the c/a ratio from 1.624 to 1.612 of the hexagonal structure. The supersaturated solid solution Mg-Ti alloy decomposes upon thermal annealing at temperatures above 200°C. Hydrogenation enhances the decomposition process at lower temperatures.