Molecular and Cellular Biochemistry

, Volume 245, Issue 1, pp 31–41

Members of a unique histidine acid phosphatase family are conserved amongst a group of primitive eukaryotic human pathogens

  • Alison M. Shakarian
  • Manju B. Joshi
  • Mat Yamage
  • Stephanie L. Ellis
  • Alain Debrabant
  • Dennis M. Dwyer
Article

DOI: 10.1023/A:1022851914014

Cite this article as:
Shakarian, A.M., Joshi, M.B., Yamage, M. et al. Mol Cell Biochem (2003) 245: 31. doi:10.1023/A:1022851914014

Abstract

Recently, we identified and characterized the genes encoding several distinct members of the histidine-acid phosphatase enzyme family from Leishmania donovani, a primitive protozoan pathogen of humans. These included genes encoding the heavily phosphorylated/glycosylated, tartrate-sensitive, secretory acid phosphatases (Ld SAcP-1 and Ld SAcP-2) and the unique, tartrate-resistant, externally-oriented, surface membrane-bound acid phosphatase (Ld MAcP) of this parasite. It had been previously suggested that these enzymes may play essential roles in the growth, development and survival of this organism. In this report, to further examine this hypothesis, we assessed whether members of the L. donovani histidine-acid phosphatase enzyme family were conserved amongst other pathogenic Leishmania and related trypanosomatid parasites. Such phylogenetic conservation would clearly indicate an evolutionary selection for this family of enzymes and strongly suggest and support an important functional role for acid phosphatases to the survival of these parasites. Results of pulsed field gel electrophoresis and Southern blotting showed that homologs of both the Ld SAcPs and Ld MAcP were present in each of the visceral and cutaneous Leishmania species examined (i.e. isolates of L. donovani, L. infantum,L. tropica, L. major and L. mexicana, respectively). Further, results of enzyme assays showed that all of these organisms expressed both tartrate-sensitive and tartrate-resistant acid phosphatase activities. In addition, homologs of both the Ld SAcPs and Ld MAcP genes and their corresponding enzyme activities were also identified in two Crithidia species (C. fasciculata and C. luciliae) and in Leptomonas seymouri. In contrast, Trypanosoma brucei, Trypanosoma cruzi and Phytomonas serpens had only very low levels of such enzyme activities. Cumulatively, results of this study showed that homologs of the Ld SAcPs and Ld MAcP are conserved amongst all pathogenic Leishmania sps. suggesting that they may play significant functional roles in the growth, development and survival of all members of this important group of human pathogens.

Leishmania trypanosomatid protozoan parasite human pathogen pulse field gel electrophoresis histidine acid phosphatase enzyme genome chromosome 

Copyright information

© Kluwer Academic Publishers 2003

Authors and Affiliations

  • Alison M. Shakarian
    • 1
  • Manju B. Joshi
    • 2
  • Mat Yamage
    • 2
  • Stephanie L. Ellis
    • 2
  • Alain Debrabant
    • 3
  • Dennis M. Dwyer
    • 2
  1. 1.Department of Biology and Biomedical SciencesSalve Regina UniversityNewportUSA
  2. 2.Cell Biology Section, Laboratory of Parasitic Diseases, National Institute of Allergy and Infectious DiseasesNational Institutes of HealthBethesdaUSA
  3. 3.Division of Emerging and Transfusion Transmitted Diseases, Center for Biologics Evaluation and ResearchFood and Drug AdministrationBethesdaUSA