Adams, G. R., Gullota, T. P., & Markstrom-Adams, C. (1994). Adolescent life experiences. (3rd ed.). Pacific Grove, CA: Brooks/Cole.
Albano, A. M., & Silverman, W. (1996). Anxiety Disorders Interview Schedule for DSM-IV: Child Version. San Antonio, TX: Psychological Corp.
American Medical Association. (1994). Health care needs of gay men and lesbians in the U.S.A. Report presented by the Council on Scientific Affairs to the AMA House of Delegates Interim Meeting.
American Psychiatric Association. (1980). Diagnostic and statistical manual of mental disorders (3rd ed.). Washington, DC: Author.
American Psychiatric Association. (1994). Diagnostic and statistical manual of mental disorders (4th ed.). Washington, DC: Author.
Bailey, J. M., & Zucker, K. J. (1995). Childhood sex-typed behavior and sexual orientation: A conceptual analysis and quantitative review. Developmental Psychology, 31
Centers for Disease Control. (1996). Youth risk behavior surveillance system: United States. Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report, 45, 1–86.
Cohen, K. M., & Savin-Williams, R. C. (1996). Developmental perspectives on coming out to self and others. In R. C. Savin-Williams & K. M. Cohen (Eds.), The lives of lesbians, gays, and bisexuals: Children to adults (pp. 113–144). Fort Worth, TX: Harcourt Brace.
Crockett, L. J., & Petersen, A. C. (1993). Adolescent development: Health risks and opportunities for health promotion. In S. G. Millstein, A. C. Petersen, & E. O. Nightingale (Eds.), Promoting the health of adolescents: New directions for the twenty-first century (pp. 13–37). New York: Oxford University Press.
D'Augelli, A. R. (1991). Gay men in college: Identity processes and adaptations. Journal of College Student Development, 32, 140–146.
D'Augelli, A. R., & Hershberger, S. L. (1993). Lesbian, gay, and bisexual youth in community settings: Personal challenges and mental health problems. American Journal of Community Psychology, 21
D'Emilio, J. (1983). Sexual politics, sexual communities: The making of a homosexual minority in the United States 1940–1970. Chicago: University of Chicago Press.
Ebata, A. T., Petersen, A. C., & Conger, J. J. (1990). The development of psychopathology in adolescence. In J. Rolf, A. S. Masten, D. Cicchetti, K. H. Nuechterlein, & S. Weintraub (Eds.), Risk and protective factors in the development of psychopathology (pp. 308–333). New York: Cambridge University Press.
Elliott, G. R., & Feldman, S. S. (1990). Capturing the adolescent experience. In S. S. Feldman & G. R. Elliott (Eds.)., At the threshold: The developing adolescent (pp. 1–14). Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press.
Faderman, L. (1991). Odd girls and twilight lovers: A history of lesbian life in twentieth-century America. New York: Penguin.
Fremouw, W. J., de Perczel, M., & Ellis, T. E. (1990). Suicide risk: Assessment and response guidelines. New York: Pergamon.
Friedman, S. R., Curtis, R., Jose, B., Neaigus, A., Zenilman, J., Culpepper-Morgan, J., Borg, L., Kreek, J., Paone, D., & Des Jarlais, D. C. (1997). Sex, drugs, and infections among youth: Parenterally and sexually transmitted diseases in a high risk neighborhood. Sexually Transmitted Diseases, 24
Garmezy, M. (1985). Stress-resistant children: The search for protective factors. In J. E. Stevenson (Ed.), Recent research in developmental psychopathology (pp. 213–233). Oxford, U.K.: Pergamon.
Garofalo, R., Wolf, R. C., Kessel, S., Palfrey, S. J., & DuRant, R. H. (1998). The association between health risk behaviors and sexual orientation among a school-based sample of adolescents. Pediatrics, 101
Golden, C. (1987). Diversity and variability in women's sexual identities. In The Boston Lesbian Psychologies Collective (Eds.), Lesbian psychologies: Explorations and challenges (pp. 18–34). Urbana: University of Illinois Press.
Gonsiorek, J. C., Sell, R. L., & Weinrich, J. D. (1995). Definition and measurement of sexual orientation. Suicide and Life-Threatening Behavior, 25
(Suppl. 1), 40–51.PubMed
Gonsiorek, J. C., & Weinrich, J. D. (1991). The definition and scope of sexual orientation. In J. C. Gonsiorek & J. D. Weinrich (Eds.), Homosexuality: Research implications for public policy (pp. 1–12). Newbury Park, CA: Sage.
Green, R. (1987). The “sissy boy syndrome” and the development of homosexuality. New Haven, CT: Yale University Press.
Greene, B. (1994). Ethnic-minority lesbians and gay men: Mental health and treatment issues. Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology, 62
Herdt, G. (1989). Introduction: Gay and lesbian youth, emergent identities, and cultural scenes at home and abroad. In G. Herdt (Ed.), Gay and lesbian youth (pp. 315–355). Binghamton, NY: Harrington Park.
Herdt, G., & Boxer, A. M. (1993). Children of Horizons: How gay and lesbian teens are leading a new way out of the closet. Boston: Beacon.
Hershberger, S. L., & D'Augelli, A. R. (1995). The impact of victimization on the mental health and suicidality of lesbian, gay, and bisexual youths. Developmental Psychology, 31
Hershberger, S. L., Pilkington, N. W., & D'Augelli, A. R. (1997). Predictors of suicide attempts among gay, lesbian, and bisexual youth. Journal of Adolescent Research, 12, 477–497.
Hetrick, E. S., & Martin, A. D. (1987). Developmental issues and their resolution for gay and lesbian adolescents. Journal of Homosexuality, 14
Hunter, J., & Haymes, R. (1998). It's beginning to rain: Gay/lesbian/bisexual adolescents and AIDS. In M. S. Schneider (Ed.), Pride and prejudice: Working with lesbian, gay, and bisexual youth (pp. 137–163). Toronto, Canada: Central Toronto Youth Services.
Hunter, J., & Schaecher, R. (1990). Stresses on lesbian and gay adolescents in schools. Social Work in Education, 9, 180–189.
Kennedy, E. L., & Davis, M. D. (1993). Boots of leather, slippers of gold: The history of a lesbian community. New York: Routledge.
Kovacs, M. (1992). Children's Depression Inventory. North Tonawanda, NY: Multi-Health Systems.
Kovacs, M., & Paulaustkas, S. L. (1984). Developmental stage and the expression of depressive disorders in children. In D. Cicchetti & K. Schneider-Rosen (Eds.), Childhood depression (pp. 59–80). San Francisco: Jossey-Bass.
Lemp, G. F., Hirozawa, A. M., Givertz, D., Nieri, G. N., Anderson, L., Lindegren, M. L., Janssen, R. S., & Katz, M. (1994). Seroprevalence of HIV and risk behaviors among young homosexual and bisexual men: The San Francisco/Berkeley young men's survey. Journal of the American Medical Association, 272
Lemp, G. F., Jones, M., Kellogg, T. A., Nieri, G. N., Anderson, L., Withum, D., & Katz, M. (1995). HIV seroprevalence and risk behaviors among lesbians and bisexual women in San Francisco and Berkeley, California. American Journal of Public Health, 85
Lewinsohn, P. M., Rohde, P., & Seeley, J. R. (1996). Adolescent suicidal ideation and attempts: Prevalence, risk factors, and clinical implications. Clinical Psychology: Science and Practice, 3, 25–46.
Martin, A. D., & Hetrick, E. S. (1988). The stigmatization of the gay and lesbian adolescent. Journal of Homosexuality, 15
Miller, B. C., Christopherson, C. R., & King, P. K. (1993). Sexual behavior in adolescence. In T. P. Gullota, G. R. Adams, & R. Montemayor (Eds.), Adolescent sexuality (pp. 57–76). Newbury Park, CA: Sage.
Newman, B. S., & Muzzonigro, P. G. (1993). The effects of traditional family values on the coming out process of gay male adolescents. Adolescence, 28
Newton, D. E. (1994). Gay and lesbian rights: A reference handbook. Santa Barbara, CA: ABC-CLIO.
Patterson, C. J. (1995). Sexual orientation and human development: An overview. Developmental Psychology, 31
Petersen, A. C. (1987). The nature of biological-psychosocial interactions: The sample case of early adolescence. In R. M. Lerner & T. T. Foch (Eds.) Biological-psychological interactions in early adolescence: A life-span perspective (pp. 35–61). Hillsdale, NJ: Erlbaum.
Petersen, A. C., Leffert, N., & Graham, B. L. (1995). Adolescent development and the emergence of sexuality. Suicide and Life-Threatening Behavior, 25
(Suppl. 1), 4–17.PubMed
Petersen, A. C., & Taylor, B. (1980). The biological approach to adolescence. In J. Adelson (Ed.), Handbook of adolescent psychology (pp. 117–55). New York: Wiley.
Pilkington, N. W., & D'Augelli, A. R. (1995). Victimization of lesbian, gay, and bisexual youth in community settings. Journal of Community Psychology, 23, 34–57.
Proctor, C. D., & Groze, V. K. (1994). Risk factors for suicide among gay, lesbian, and bisexual youths. Social Work, 39
Reich, W., Welner, Z., & Herjanic, B. (1998). Diagnostic Interview for Children and Adolescents-IV. North Tonawanda, NY: Multi-Health Systems.
Remafedi, G. (1987). Adolescent homosexuality: Psychosocial and medical implications. Pediatrics, 79
Remafedi, G. (1994). Predictors of unprotected intercourse among gay and bisexual youth: Knowledge, beliefs, and behavior. Pediatrics, 94
Remafedi, G., Farrow, J. A., & Deisher, R. W. (1991). Risk factors for attempted suicide in gay and bisexual youth. Pediatrics, 87
Remafedi, G., French, S., Story, M., Resnick, M. D., & Blum, R. (1998). The relationship between suicide risk and sexual orientation: Results of a population-based study. American Journal of Public Health, 88
Remafedi, G., Resnick, M., Blum, R., & Harris, L. (1992). Demography of sexual orientation in adolescents. Pediatrics, 89
Reynolds, W. M. (1986). Reynolds Adolescent Depression Scale. Odessa, FL: Psychological Assessment Resources.
Roesler, T., & Deisher, R. W. (1972). Youthful male homosexuality: Homosexual experience and the process of developing homosexual identity in males aged 16 to 22 years. Journal of the American Medical Association, 219
Rosario, M., Hunter, J., & Gwadz, M. (1997). Exploration of substance use among lesbian, gay, and bisexual youth: Prevalence and correlates. Journal of Adolescent Research, 12, 454–476.
Rothblum, E. D. (1994). “I only read about myself on bathroom walls”: The need for research on the mental health of lesbians and gay men. Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology, 62
Rotheram-Borus, M. J., & Fernandez, M. I. (1995). Sexual orientation and developmental challenges experienced by gay and lesbian youth. Suicide and Life-Threatening Behavior, 25
(Suppl. 1), 26–34.PubMed
Rotheram-Borus, M. J., Hunter, J., & Rosario, M. (1994). Suicidal behavior and gay-related stress among gay and bisexual male adolescents. Journal of Adolescent Research, 9, 498–508.
Rotheram-Borus, M. J., Hunter, J., & Rosario, M. (1995). Coming out as lesbian or gay in the era of AIDS. In G. M. Herek, & B. Greene (Eds.), AIDS, identity, and community: The HIV epidemic and lesbians and gay men (pp. 150–168). Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage.
Rotheram-Borus, M. J., & Koopman, C. (1991). Sexual risk behavior, AIDS knowledge, and beliefs about AIDS among predominantly minority gay and bisexual male adolescents. AIDS Education and Prevention, 3
Rotheram-Borus, M. J., Rosario, M., Meyer-Bahlburg, H. F. L., Koopman, C., Dopkins, S. C., & Davis, M. (1994). Sexual and substance use acts of gay and bisexual male adolescents in New York City. Journal of Sex Research, 31, 47–57.
Rotheram-Borus, M. J., Rosario, M., Van Rossem, R., Reid, H., & Gillis, R. (1995). Prevalence, course, and predictors of multiple problem behaviors among gay and bisexual male adolescents. Developmental Psychology, 31
Savin-Williams, R. C. (1990). Gay and lesbian youth: Expressions of identity. New York: Hemisphere.
Savin-Williams, R. C. (1994). Verbal and physical abuse as stressors in the lives of lesbian, gay male, and bisexual youths: Associations with school problems, running away, substance abuse, prostitution, and suicide. Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology, 62
Savin-Williams, R. C. (1995). Lesbian, gay male, and bisexual adolescents. In A. R. D'Augelli, & C. J. Patterson (Eds.), Lesbian, gay, and bisexual identities over the lifespan: Psychological perspectives (pp. 165–189). Oxford, U.K.: Oxford University Press.
Savin-Williams, R. C., & Rodriguez, R. C. (1993). A developmental, clinical perspective on lesbian, gay male, and bisexual youths. In T. P. Gullota, G. R. Adams, & R. Montemayor (Eds.), Adolescent sexuality (pp. 77–101). Newbury Park, CA: Sage.
Schneider, S. G., Farberow, N. L., & Kruks, G. N. (1989). Suicidal behavior in adolescent and young adult gay men. Suicide and Life-Threatening Behavior, 19
Sears, J. T. (1991). Growing up gay in the South: Race, gender, and journeys of the spirit. Binghamton, NY: Haworth.
Sonenstein, F. L., Pleck, J. H., & Ku, L. C. (1989). Sexual activity, condom use and AIDS awareness among adolescent males. Family Planning Perspectives, 21
Sorenson, R. C. (1973). Adolescent sexuality in contemporary America. New York: World.
Strickland, B. R. (1995). Research on sexual orientation and human development: A commentary. Developmental Psychology, 31
Wenar, C. (1994). Developmental psychopathology: From infancy through adolescence. (3rd ed.). New York: McGraw-Hill.
Weinrich, J. D., & Williams, W. L. (1991). Strange customs, familiar lives: Homosexualities in other cultures. In J. C. Gonsiorek & J. D. Weinrich (Eds.), Homosexuality: Research implications for public policy (pp. 44–59). Newbury Park, CA: Sage.
Working Groups, Workshop on Suicide and Sexual Orientation (1995). Recommendations for a research agenda in suicide and sexual orientation. Suicide and Life Threatening Behavior, 25(Suppl. 1), 82–88.
Zucker, K. J. (1985). Cross-gender-identified children. In B. W. Steiner (Ed.), Gender dysphoria: Development, research, management (pp. 75–174). New York: Plenum Press.