Specificity of Systemically Released Cotton Volatiles as Attractants for Specialist and Generalist Parasitic Wasps
Purchase on Springer.com
$39.95 / €34.95 / £29.95*
Rent the article at a discountRent now
* Final gross prices may vary according to local VAT.
Cotton plants under herbivore attack release volatile semiochemicals that attract natural enemies of the herbivores to the damaged plant. The volatiles released in response to herbivory are not only released from the damaged leaves but from the entire cotton plant. We found that cotton plants that released myrcene, (Z)-3-hexenyl acetate, (E)-β-ocimene, linalool, (E)-4,8-dimethyl-1,3,7-nonatriene, (E)-β-farnesene, and (E, E)-4,8,12-trimethyl-1,3,7,11-tridecatetraene systemically from undamaged leaves of caterpillar damaged plants were attractive to the generalist parasitoid Cotesia marginiventris and the specialist parasitoid Microplitis croceipes. Plants from which the caterpillar damaged leaves were removed and that released those compounds systemically were significantly preferred over undamaged control plants in two-choice experiments in a flight tunnel. Artificially damaged cotton plants that released green leafy volatiles and constitutive terpenoids were less attractive for M. croceipes and C. marginiventris. Only C. marginiventris preferred artificially damaged plants over undamaged control plants, whereas M. croceipes showed no preference. The apparent lack of specificity of systemically released compounds in response to different herbivores feeding on the lower leaves is discussed.
- Blumberg, D., and Ferkovich, S. M. 1994. Development and encapsulation of the endoparasitoid, Microplitis croceipes (Hym.: Braconidae), in six candidate host species (Lep.). Entomophaga 39:293–302.
- Burton, R. L. 1970. A low-cost artificial diet for the corn earworm. J. Econ. Entomol. 63:1969–1970.
- Cortesero, A. M., De Moraes, C. M., Stapel, J. O., Tumlinson, J. H., and Lewis, W. J. 1997. Comparison and contrasts in host foraging strategies of two larval parasitoids with different degrees of host specificity. J. Chem. Ecol. 23:1589–1606.
- Dicke, M., and Dukman, H. 1992. Induced defense in detached uninfested plant leaves: Effects on behavior of herbivores and their predators. Oecologia 91:554–560.
- Dicke, M., and Sabelis, M. W. 1988. How plants obtain predatory mites as bodyguards. Neth. J. Zool. 38:148–165.
- Dicke, M., Van Beek, T. A., Posthumus, M. A., Ben Dom, N., Van Bokhoven, H., De Groot, A. E. 1990a. Isolation and identification of volatile kairomone that affects acarine predatorprey interactions. J. Chem. Ecol. 16:381–396.
- Dicke, M., Sabelis, M. W., Takabayashi, J., Bruin, J., and Posthumus, M. A. 1990b. Plant strategies of manipulating predator-prey interactions through allelochemicals: prospects for application in pest control. J. Chem. Ecol. 16:3091–3118.
- Eller, F. J., Tumlinson, J. H., and Lewis, W. J. 1988. Beneficial arthropod behavior mediated by airborne semiochemicals: Source of volatiles mediating the host-location flight behavior of Microplitis croceipes (Cresson) (Hymenoptera: Braconidae), a parasitoid of Heliothis zea (Boddie) (Lepidoptera: Noctuidae). Environ. Entomol. 17:745–753.
- Elzen, G. W., Williams, H. J., Bell, A. A., Stipanovic, R. D., and Vinson, S. B. 1985. Quantification of volatile terpenes of glanded and glandless Gossypium hirsutum L. cultivars and lines by gas chromatography. J. Agric. Food Chem. 33:1079–1082.
- Elzen, G. W., Williams, H. J., Vinson, S. B., and Powell, J. E. 1987. Comparative flight behavior of parasitoids Campoletis sonorensis and Microplitis croceipes. Entomol. Exp. Appl. 45:175–180.
- Heath, R. R., and Manukian, A. 1992. Development and evaluation of systems to collect volatile semiochemicals from insects and plants using a charcoal-infused medium for air purification. J. Chem. Ecol. 18:1209–1226.
- Heath, R. R., and Manukian, A. 1994. An automated system for use in collecting volatile chemicals released from plants. J. Chem. Ecol. 20:593–608.
- King, E. G., and Leppla, N. C. 1984. Advances and Challenges in Insect Rearing US Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.
- Lewis, W. J., and Burton, R. L. 1970. Rearing Microplitis in the laboratory with Heliothis zea as hosts. J. Econ. Entomol. 63:656–658.
- Lewis, W. J., Sparks, A. N., Jones, R. L., and Barras, D. J. 1972. Efficiency of Cardiochiles nigriceps as a parasite of Heliothis virescens on cotton. Environ. Entomol. 1:468–471.
- Loughrin, J. H., Manukian, A., Heath, R. R., Turlings, T. C. J., and Tumlinson, J. H. 1994. Diurnal cycle of emission of induced volatile terpenoids by herbivore-injured cotton plants. Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A. 91:11836–11840.
- Manukian, A., and Heath, R. R. 1993. Development of an automated data collection and environmental monitoring system. Sci. Comput. Autom. 9:27–40.
- McCall, P. J., Turlings, T. C. J., Lewis, W. J., and Tumlinson, J. H. 1993. Role of plant volatiles in host location by the specialist parasitoid Microplitis croceipes Cresson (Braconidae: Hymenoptera). J. Insect Behav. 6:625–639.
- McCall, P. J., Turlings, T. C. J., Loughrin, J., Proveaux, A. T., and Tumlinson, J. H. 1994. Herbivore-induced volatile emissions from cotton (Gossypium hirsutum L.) seedlings. J. Chem. Ecol. 20:3039–3050.
- Nadel, H., and Van Alphen, J. J. M. 1987. The role of host and host-plant odours in the attraction of a parasitoid, Epidinocarsis lopezi, to the habitat of its host, the cassava mealybug, Phenacoccus manihoti. Entomol. Exp. Appl. 45:181–186.
- ParÉ, P. W., and Tumlinson, J. H. 1997a. De novo biosynthesis of volatiles induced by insect herbivory in cotton plants. Plant Physiol. 141:1161–1167.
- ParÉ, P. W., and Tumlinson, J. H. 1997b. Induced synthesis of plant volatiles. Nature 385:30–31.
- RÖse, U. S. R., Manukian, A., Heath, R. R., and Tumlinson, J. H. 1996. Volatile semiochemicals released from undamaged cotton leaves: A systemic response of living plants to caterpillar damage. Plant Physiol. 111:487–495.
- RÖse, U. S. R., Alborn, H. T., Makranczy, G., Lewis, W. J., and Tumlinson, J. H. 1997. Host recognition by the specialist endoparasitoid Microplitis croceipes (Hymenoptera: Braconidae): Role of host and plant related volatiles. J. Insect Behav. 10:313–330.
- Snow, J. W., and Burton, R. L. 1967. Seasonal occurrence of the Heliothis complex on Desmodium purpureum with observations on parasitism by Cardiochiles nigriceps. J. Ga. Entomol. Soc. 2:47–52.
- Steinberg, S., Dicke, M., and Vet, L. E. M. 1993. Relative importance of infochemicals from first to second trophic level in long-range host location by the larval parasitoid Cotesia glomerata. J. Chem. Ecol. 19:47–59.
- Takabayashi, J., Dicke, M., and Posthumus, M. A. 1991. Induction of indirect defense against spider mites in uninfested lima bean leaves. Phytochemistry 30:1459–1462.
- Turlings, T. C. J., and Tumlinson, J. H. 1992. Systemic release of chemical signals by herbivore-injured corn. Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A. 89:8399–8402.
- Turlings, T. C. J., Tumlinson, J. H., and Lewis, W. J. 1990. Exploitation of herbivore-induced plant odors by host-seeking parasitic wasps. Science 250:1251–1253.
- Turlings, T. C. J., Tumlinson, J. H., Heath, R. R., Proveaux, A. T., and Doolittle, R. E. 1991a. Isolation and identification of allelochemicals that attract the larval parasitoid, Cotesia marginiventris (Cresson), to the microhabitat of one of its hosts. J. Chem. Ecol. 17:2235–2251.
- Turlings, T. C. J., Tumlinson, J. H., Eller, F. J., and Lewis, W. J. 1991b. Larval-damaged plants: Source of volatile synomones that guide the parasitoid Cotesia marginiventris to the micro-habitat of its hosts. Entomol. Exp. Appl. 58:75–82.
- Turlings, T. C. J., WÄckers, F. L., Vet, L. E. M., Lewis, W. J., and Tumlinson, J. H. 1993a. Learning of host-finding cues by hymenopterous parasitoids, pp. 51–78, in D. R. Papaj and A. C. Lewis (eds.). Insect Learning. Chapman & Hall, New York.
- Turlings, T. C. J., McCall, P. J., Alborn, H. T., and Tumlinson, J. H. 1993b. An elicitor in caterpillar oral secretion that induces corn seedlings to emit chemical signals attractive to parasitic wasps. J. Chem. Ecol. 19:411–425.
- Turlings, T. C. J., Loughrin, J. H., McCall, P. J., RÖse, U. S. R., Lewis, W. J., and Tumlinson, J. H. 1995. How caterpillar-damaged plants protect themselves by attracting parasitic wasps. Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A. 92:4169–4174.
- WÄckers, F. L., and Lewis, W. J. 1994. Olfactory and visual learning and their combined influence on host site location by the parasitoid Microplitis croceipes (Cresson). Biocontrol 4:105–112.
- Specificity of Systemically Released Cotton Volatiles as Attractants for Specialist and Generalist Parasitic Wasps
Journal of Chemical Ecology
Volume 24, Issue 2 , pp 303-319
- Cover Date
- Print ISSN
- Online ISSN
- Kluwer Academic Publishers-Plenum Publishers
- Additional Links
- Gossypium hirsutum
- Microplitis croceipes
- Cotesia marginiventris
- plant–insect interactions
- volatile semiochemicals
- systemic induction
- plant defense
- host-searching behavior
- Industry Sectors
- Author Affiliations
- 1. Center for Medical, Agricultural and Veterinary Entomology, Agricultural Research Service, U.S. Department of Agriculture, Gainesville, Florida, 32608
- 3. Insect Biology and Population Management Research Laboratory, Agricultural Research Service, U.S. Department of Agriculture, Tifton, Georgia, 31793