U.S. Department of Health and Human Services. Preliminary Analysis of H.R. 4 the Personal Responsibility Act of 1995, Washington, D.C., 1995.
Minkoff H, et al.
Welfare reform and the obstetrical care of immigrants and their newborns. New England Journal of Medicine
Emergency Regulations Gov. Code 11346.1(b) to adopt section 50302.1, 1996.
Children's Advocacy Institute. Prenatal Care for Immigrants and Unqualified Aliens. Children's Regulatory Law Reporter
Kessler S, et al.
. Adequacy of Prenatal Care Utilization—California, 1989–1994. MMWR
Watts DH, Brunham RC. Sexually transmitted diseases, including HIV infection in pregnancy. In Holmes K, Sparling P, Mardh P, Lemon S, Stamm W, Piot P, Wasserheit J. (Eds.). Sexually transmitted diseases, Third Edition
New York: McGraw-Hill, Health Professions Division. 1999;1089–1132.Google Scholar
Radolf JD, et al.
Congenital Syphilis. In Holmes K, Sparling P, Mardh P, Lemon S, Stamm W, Piot P, Wasserheit J. (Eds.). Sexually transmitted diseases, Third Edition
. New York: McGraw-Hill, Health Professions Division. 1999;1165–1189.Google Scholar
Gibbs RS, et al.
A review of premature birth and subclinical infection. American Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology
Luk B, et al.
The cost of prematurity: A case-control study of twins versus singletons. American Journal of Public Health
Institute of Medicine Division of Health Promotion and Disease Prevention Committee on Prevention and Control of Sexually Transmitted Diseases. The Hidden Epidemic: Confronting Sexually Transmitted Diseases. Eng, T, Butler, W. (Eds.). National Academy Press, 1997.
Scholes D, et al.
Prevention of pelvic inflammatory disease by screening for cervical chlamydial infection. New England Journal of Medicine
Nettleman MD, Jones RB. Cost-effectiveness of screening women at moderate risk for genital infections caused by Chlamydia trachomatis. JAMA
Guidelines for Perinatal Care, Fourth Edition Hauth, J, Merenstein, G. (Eds.). American Academy of Pediatrics and American College of Obstetrics and Gynecology, 1997
Center for Disease Control and Prevention. 1998 Guidelines for Treatment of Sexually Transmitted Diseases. Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report, Recommendations and Reports
California Administrative Code Title 17, Article 3. California Administrative Code, 1996.
California Health and Safety Code: Article 2, Section 3222. California Health and Safety Code, 1996.
Korenbrot C. Potential impact of the 1996 Federal Medicaid Restrictions on new legal immigrants in California: Prenatal care
, San Francisco: Institute for Health Policy Studies and the Department of Obstetrics, Gynecology and Reproductive Sciences School of Medicine, University of California, San Francisco, 1997.Google Scholar
Fenton JJ, et al.
Effect of proposition 187 on mental health service use in California: a case study. Health Affairs
Asch S, et al. Potential impacts of restricting STD/HIV care for immigrants in Los Angeles County. International Journal of STD & AIDS 1996;7.
California Department of Health Services Medical Care Statistics Section. Medi-Cal funded deliveries, 1995. Sacramento: 1997.
Norton SA, et al.
Medicaid coverage of maternity care for aliens in California. Family Planning Perspectives
McDonnell PJ. 1990s on track to set a record for immigration. Los Angeles Times, January 24, 1999, p. A10.
California Department of Health Services Medical Care Statistics Section. Table on the Number of Medi-Cal Funded Deliveries, 1995, by Perinatal Care Services. Sacramento: 1997, 1998.
Ciemins E. Chlamydia prevalence by clinic type
. Los Angeles: The Los Angeles County Infertility Project: Los Angeles County Department of Health Services, STD Program. 1996.Google Scholar
Los Angeles County HIV Epidemiology Program. HIV perinatal surveillance. Los Angeles, 1993.
Hillier SL, et al.
Association between bacterial vaginosis and preterm delivery of a low-birth-weight infant. The New England Journal of Medicine
Edwards LE, et al.
Gonorrhea in Pregnancy. American Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology
Elliott B, et al. (Maternal gonococcal infection as a preventable risk factor for low birth weight. Journal of Infectious Diseases 1990;161(March):531–536.
Los Angeles County Sexually Transmitted Disease Program. Annual report and disease surveillance data. Los Angeles: 1995.
Eschenbach DA, et al.
Diagnosis and clinical manifestation of bacterial vaginosis. American Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology
Hook EW. Gonococcal infections in the adult. In Holmes K, Sparling P, Mardh P, Lemon S, Stamm W, Piot P, Wasserheit J. (Eds.). Sexually transmitted diseases
. New York: McGraw-Hill, Health Professions Division. 1999;451–466.Google Scholar
Stamm W. Chlamydia trachomatis infections of the adult. In Holmes K, Sparling P, Mardh P, Lemon S, Stamm W, Piot P, Wasserheit J (Eds.), Sexually transmitted diseases, Third Edition
. New York: McGraw-Hill, Health Professions Division. 1999;407–422.Google Scholar
Gorsky RD, et al.
Preventing Perinatal Transmission of HIV—costs and effectiveness of a recommended intervention. Public Health Reports
Hillier S, Holmes KK. Bacterial Vaginosis. In Holmes K, Sparling P, Mardh P, Lemon S, Stamm W, Piot P, Wasserheit J. (Eds.). Sexually transmitted diseases
New York: McGraw-Hill, Health Professions Division. 1999;563–586.Google Scholar
Zidovudine for the prevention of HIV transmission from mother to infant (1994). MMWR 1994;43:285–287.
California Department of Health Services Center for Health Statistics Office of Health Information and Research Birth Records (1997). Live Birth to Hispanic Mother in Los Angeles County, 1995 by Trimester Prenatal Care, Weeks of Gestation and Medi-Cal Expected Source of Delivery. Sacramento, 1997.
Rothman KJ, Greenland S. Modern Epidemiology, second edition
. Philadelphia: Lippincott-Raven. 1998;53–55.Google Scholar
Fiscella K. Racial disparities in preterm births: The role of urogenital infections. Public Health Reports
Carey JC, et al.
The Vaginal Infections and Prematurity Study: An overview. Clin. Obstet. Gynecol.
Diaz R. CEO of the Community Health Foundation for East Los Angeles. Personal communication. May 1997.
Los Angeles County Department of Health Services Office of Revenue Management. Estimate of average cost of prenatal care in public hospitals. 1995.
Los Angeles County Sexually Transmitted Disease Program. Average cost data for prenatal care visits at a private not for profit community hospital in Los Angeles (CHMC). Los Angeles, CA. 1996.
McDonnel PJ. Ban delayed on illegal immigrants' prenatal Care. Los Angeles Times December 20, 1997, p. B20.
Williams N, Richwald G. STD treatment costs in Los Angeles County. County of Los Angeles, Department of Health Services. 1997.
Elixhauser A, McCarthy E.: Clinical classifications for health policy research, version 2: Descriptive statistics for hospital stays: Tables 1 & 4, statistics for 1992 HCUP-3 nationwide inpatient sample, by expanded diagnosis. Center for Delivery Systems Research, Angency for Health Care Policy and Research, and National Center for Health Statistics, 1992, 1995.
Stray-Pedersen B. Economic evaluation of maternal screening to prevent congenital syphilis. Sexually Transmitted Diseases
Haven PL, et al.
Lifetime cost of care for children with human immunodeficiency virus infection. Pediatric Infectious Disease Journal
Hsia DC, et al.
Pediatric Human Immunodeficiency Virus Infection. Archives of Pediatric Adolescent Medicine
Mauskopf JA, et al.
Economic impact of treatment of HIV-positive pregnant women and their newborns with zidovudine: implications for HIV screening. Journal of the American Medical Association
Barnes RC, Holmes KK. Epidemiology of gonorrhea: Current perspectives. Epidemiology Review
Milagro Doe v. California State Department of Health Services. Los Angeles County Superior Court, field November 27, 1997(BC 181 779).
Yvette Doe, et al. v. Kim Belshe. First District Court of Appeals 1997; A081321 and A081346.
Clementina Doe, et al. v. Pete Wilson. U.S. Court of Appeals for the Ninth Circuit 1997; No. 98–15194.