A Comparison of Current Practice in School-Based Substance Use Prevention Programs with Meta-Analysis Findings
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The series of seminal meta-analytic studies of school-based substance use prevention program studies conducted by the late Nancy S. Tobler and colleagues concluded that programs with content focused on social influences' knowledge, drug refusal skills, and generic competency skills and that use participatory or interactive teaching strategies were more effective than programs focused on knowledge and attitudes and favoring traditional didactic instruction. The present study compared current school practice against evidence-based standards for “effective content” and “effective delivery,” derived from the Tobler findings. Respondents were the lead staff who taught substance use prevention in the 1998–1999 school year in a national sample of public and private schools that included middle school grades (N = 1,795). Results indicate that most providers (62.25%) taught effective content, but few used effective delivery (17.44%), and fewer still used both effective content and delivery (14.23%). Those who taught an evidence-based program (e.g., Life Skills Training, Project ALERT), however, were more likely to implement both effective content and delivery, as were those teachers who were recently trained in substance use prevention and were comfortable using interactive teaching methods. The findings indicate that the transfer to practice of research knowledge about school-based substance use prevention programming has been limited.
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- A Comparison of Current Practice in School-Based Substance Use Prevention Programs with Meta-Analysis Findings
Volume 4, Issue 1 , pp 1-14
- Cover Date
- Print ISSN
- Online ISSN
- Kluwer Academic Publishers-Plenum Publishers
- Additional Links
- drug abuse
- Author Affiliations
- 1. Department of Health Behavior and Health Education, School of Public Health, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, Chapel Hill, North Carolina
- 2. Pacific Institute for Research and Evaluation, Chapel Hill, North Carolina
- 3. Westat, Rockville, Maryland
- 4. Institute for Prevention Research, Department of Preventive Medicine, University of Southern California, Los Angeles
- 5. Research Triangle Institute, Research Triangle Park, North Carolina