Conceptions of Cross-Sex Friendships and Romantic Relationships in Early Adolescence
Rent the article at a discountRent now
* Final gross prices may vary according to local VAT.Get Access
Adolescents' conceptions of cross-sex friendships and romantic relationships were explored in a sample of 1755 adolescent boys and girls ranging in age from 9 to 14 years. These adolescents uniquely characterized romantic relationships in terms of passion and commitment whereas cross-sex friendships were largely characterized by affiliation. Even the youngest of the adolescents made these distinctions. Nonetheless, both age and experience were associated with changes in the use of descriptors. References to intimacy increased in both types of relationships, and references to passion and affiliation decreased. These age- and experience-related differences occurred independently of each other. The results are consistent with the view that even young adolescents who are lacking extensive experiences with cross-sex and romantic relationships would have an awareness of the core features of romantic relationships. Moreover their conceptions were consistent with adults' views of love and friendship suggesting a shared cultural base for conceptions of cross-sex friendship and romantic relationships.
- Blyth, D. A., Hill, J. P., and Theil, K. S. (1982). Early adolescents' significant others: Grade and gender differences in perceived relationships with familiar and non-familiar adults and young people. J. Youth Adolesc. 11: 425–449.
- Connolly, J., Furman, W., and Konarski, R. (1995). The role of social networks in the emergence of romantic relationships in adolescence. Paper presented at the Society for Research in Child Development, Indianapolis.
- Connolly, J., and Goldberg, A. (in press). Romantic relationships in adolescence: The role of friends and peers in their emergence and development. In Furman, W., Brown, B. B., and Feiring, C. (eds.), Contemporary Perspectives on Adolescent Romantic Relationships. Cambridge University Press, New York.
- Connolly, J., and Johnson, A. (1996). Adolescents' romantic relationships and the structure and quality of their close interpersonal ties. Personal Relat. 2: 185–195.
- Feiring, C. (1996). Concepts of romance in 15–year-old adolescents. J. Res. Adolesc. 7: 214–224.
- Feiring, C. (in press). Other-sex friendship networks and the development of romantic relationships in adolescence. J. Youth Adolesc.
- Furman W., and Buhrmester, D. (1992). Age and sex differences in perceptions of networks of personal relationships. Child Develop. 63: 103–115.
- Furman, W., and Wehner, E. A. (1994). Romantic views: Toward a theory of adolescent romantic relationships. In Montemeyer, R., Adams, G., and Gullotta T. (eds.), Advances in Adolescent Development, Vol. 3: Personal Relationships During Adolescence. Sage, Beverly Hills, CA.
- Furman, W., and Wehner, E. A. (1997). Adolescent romantic relationships: A developmental perspective. In Shulman, S., and Collins, W. A. (eds.), New Directions for Child Development: Adolescent Romantic Relationships. Jossey-Bass, San Francisco, pp. 168–195.
- Hatfield, E., and Rapson, R. L. (1987). Passionate love: New directions in research. Adv. Pers. Relat. 1: 109–139.
- Lempers, J. D., and Clark-Lempers, D. S. (1993). A functional comparison of same-sex and opposite-sex friendships during adolescence. J. Adolesc. Res. 8: 89–108.
- Miller, K. (1990). Adolescents' same-sex and opposite-sex peer relations: Sex differences in popularity, perceived social competence, and social cognitive skills. J. Adolesc. Res. 5: 222–241.
- O'Donnell, W. (1979). Affectional patterns of adolescents. Adolescence 56: 681–685.
- Simon, R., Eder, D., and Evans, C. (1992). The development of feeling norms underlying romantic love among adolescent females. Soc. Psychol. Q. 55: 29–46.
- Sternberg, R. J. (1987). Liking vs. Loving: A comparative evaluation of theories. Psychol. Bull. 102: 331–345.
- Sullivan, H. S. (1953). The Interpersonal Theory of Psychiatry. Norton, New York.
- Conceptions of Cross-Sex Friendships and Romantic Relationships in Early Adolescence
Journal of Youth and Adolescence
Volume 28, Issue 4 , pp 481-494
- Cover Date
- Print ISSN
- Online ISSN
- Kluwer Academic Publishers-Plenum Publishers
- Additional Links