Sex Roles

, Volume 47, Issue 9, pp 389–401

Gender Differences in Wayfinding Strategies and Anxiety About Wayfinding: A Cross-Cultural Comparison

  • Carol A. Lawton
  • Janos Kallai

DOI: 10.1023/A:1021668724970

Cite this article as:
Lawton, C.A. & Kallai, J. Sex Roles (2002) 47: 389. doi:10.1023/A:1021668724970


Two studies examined gender and cultural differences in wayfinding strategies and anxiety about wayfinding. Men in both Hungary and the United States reported greater preference for a strategy of orienting to global reference points, whereas women reported greater preference for a strategy based on route information. A higher level of wayfinding anxiety was reported by Americans, and women in both countries reported greater wayfinding anxiety than did men. Women in the United States, but not in Hungary, reported less childhood wayfinding experience than did men; women in both countries reported feeling less safe than did men. Feeling of personal safety and wayfinding strategy preferences mediated the gender difference in wayfinding anxiety.

gender wayfinding spatial cognition 

Copyright information

© Plenum Publishing Corporation 2002

Authors and Affiliations

  • Carol A. Lawton
    • 1
  • Janos Kallai
    • 2
  1. 1.Department of PsychologyIndiana-Purdue UniversityFort Wayne
  2. 2.Institute of PsychologyUniversity of PécsHungary

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