Preparation and characterization of plasticized polymer electrolytes based on the PVdF-HFP copolymer for lithium/sulfur battery
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- Shin, J.H., Jung, S.S., Kim, K.W. et al. Journal of Materials Science: Materials in Electronics (2002) 13: 727. doi:10.1023/A:1021521207247
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PVdF-TG-LiX polymer electrolytes comprised of polyvinylidene fluoride (PVdF)-hexafluoropropylene (HFP) copolymer, tetra(ethylene glycol) dimethyl ether as plasticizer, LiCF3SO3, LiBF4 and LiPF6 as lithium salt and acetone as solvent have been prepared by solvent casting of slurry that mixed PVdF-HFP copolymer with acetone and salt using a ball-milling technique, which was performed for 2 and 12 h with a ball-to-material ratio of 400:1, and their electrochemical and thermal properties were studied. The ball-milled PVdF-TG-LiX polymer electrolytes have higher ionic conductivity as well as lower glass transition temperature and melting points than the magnetically stirred one. The PVdF-TG-LiPF6 polymer electrolytes prepared by ball-milling, for, 12 h, in particular, resulted in a maximum value in the ionic conductivity, which was 4.99×10−4 S cm−1 at room temperature. The ball-milled PVdF-TG-LiX polymer electrolytes were introduced into Li/S cells with sulfur as cathode and lithium as the anode. The first specific discharge capacities with discharge rate of 0.14 mA cm−2 at room temperature were about 575 and 765 mA h g–cathode−1 for magnetic stirring and 12 h ball milling.