Child Psychiatry and Human Development

, Volume 33, Issue 3, pp 209–226

Self-Reported Depressive Symptoms in a School Sample of Italian Children and Adolescents

  • Paola Poli
  • Barbara Sbrana
  • Mara Marcheschi
  • Gabriele Masi
Article

DOI: 10.1023/A:1021404613832

Cite this article as:
Poli, P., Sbrana, B., Marcheschi, M. et al. Child Psychiatry Hum Dev (2003) 33: 209. doi:10.1023/A:1021404613832

Abstract

This study reports on self-reported depressive symptoms, assessed with the Children's Depression Inventory (CDI), in a school sample of 685 Italian students. The participants were 254 males and 431 females, the age range of the subjects was 8 to 17 years (mean age 13.0 ± 2.8 years). The CDI mean score was 10.49 ± 2.76. According to our data, about 10% of the subjects scored higher than the clinical threshold of 20. More than 1/3 of the students reported thoughts of death, but only 2.2% had explicit suicidal ideation. Girls scored higher than boys, and young adolescents (11–13 years) scored lower than pre-pubertal children and older adolescents, and showed fewer thoughts of death. Factorial analysis yielded seven factors, a general factor with no predominant theme, two factors related to academic self-image and body image, and four related to anhedonia-withdrawal, hypocondria-asthenia, irritability-opposition, and loss of appetite.

depression CDI children adolescents community sample 

Copyright information

© Human Sciences Press, Inc. 2003

Authors and Affiliations

  • Paola Poli
    • 1
  • Barbara Sbrana
    • 1
  • Mara Marcheschi
    • 1
  • Gabriele Masi
    • 1
  1. 1.IRCCS Stella Maris, Scientific Institute of Child Neurology and PsychiatryCalambrone (Pisa)Italy