Almansouri M, Kinet J-M and Lutts S 2001 Effect of salt and osmotic stresses on germination in durum wheat (Triticum durum Desf.). Plant Soil 231, 243–254.
ANRA 2001 Australian Natural Resources Atlas. http://audit.ea.gov.au.
Apse M P, Aharon G S, Snedden W A and Blumwald E 1999 Salt tolerance conferred by overexpression of a vacuolar Na+/H+ antiporter in Arabidopsis. Science 285, 1256–1258.
Aslam M, Qureshi R H and Ahmed N 1993 A rapid screening technique for salt tolerance in rice (Oryza sativa L.). Plant Soil 150, 99–107.
Amtmann A and Sanders D 1999 Mechanisms of Na+ uptake by plant cells. Adv. Bot. Res. 29, 76–112.
Blumwald E 2000 Sodium transport and salt tolerance in plant cells. Curr. Opin. Cell Biol. 12, 431–434.
Blumwald E, Aharon G S and Apse M P 2000 Sodium transport in plants. Biochim. Biophys. Acta 1465, 140–151.
Cramer G R, Alberico G J and Schmidt C 1994 Salt tolerance is not associated with the sodium accumulation of two maize hybrids. Aust. J. Plant Physiol. 21, 675–692.
Dubcovsky J, Santa Maria G, Epstein E, Luo M C and Dvorak J 1996 Mapping of the K+/Na+ discrimination locus Kna1 in wheat. Theor. Appl. Genet. 2, 448–454.
Dunin F X, Smith C J, Zegelin S J, Leuning R, Denmead O T and Poss R 2001 Water balance changes in a crop sequence with lucerne. Aust. J. Agric. Res. 52, 247–261.
Dvorak J, Noaman M M, Goyal S and Gorham J 1994 Enhancement of the salt tolerance of Triticum turgidum L. by the Kna1 locus transferred from the Triticum aestivum L. chromosome 4D by homoeologous recombination. Theor. Appl. Genet. 87, 872–877.
Ellis R P, Forster B P, Waugh R, Bonar N, Handley L L, Robinson D, Gordon D C and Powell W 1997 Mapping physiological traits in barley. New Phytol. 137, 149–157 FAOSTAT Statistics database. http://apps.fao.org/cgi-bin/nph-db.pl.
Flowers T J, Hajibagheri M A and Yeo A R 1991 Ion accumulation in the cell walls of rice plants growing under saline conditions: evidence for the Oertli hypothesis. Plant Cell Environ. 14, 319–325.
Flowers T J, Koyama M L, Flowers S A, Sudhakar C, Singh K P and Yeo A R 2000 QTL: their place in engineering tolerance of rice to salinity. J. Exp. Bot. 51, 99–106.
Fortmeier R and Schubert S 1995 Salt tolerance of maize (Zea mays L.): the role of sodium exclusion. Plant Cell Environ. 18, 1041–1047.
Francois L E and Maas E V 1994 Crop response and management on salt-affected soils. In Handbook of Plant and Crop Stress. Ed. M Pessarakli. pp. 149–181. Marcel Dekker, New York, USA.
Francois L E, Maas E V, Donovan T J and Youngs V L 1986 Effect of salinity on grain yield and quality, vegetative growth, and germination of semi-dwarf and durum wheat. Agron. J. 78, 1053–1058.
Garcia A, Rizzo C A, Ud-Din J, Bartos S L, Senadhira D, Flowers T J and Yeo A R 1997 Sodium and potassium transport to the xylem are inherited independently in rice, and the mechanism of sodium:potassium selectivity differs between rice and wheat. Plant Cell Environ. 20, 1167–1174.
Ghassemi F, Jakeman A J and Nix H A 1995 Salinisation of land and water resources: Human causes, extent, management and case studies. UNSW Press, Sydney, Australia, and CAB International, Wallingford, UK.
Gorham J 1990 Salt tolerance in the Triticeae: K/Na discrimination in synthetic hexaploid wheats. J. Exp. Bot. 41, 623–627.
Gorham J, Hardy C, Wyn Jones R G, Joppa L R and Law C N 1987 Chromosomal location of a K/Na discrimination character in the D genome of wheat. Theor. Appl. Genet. 74, 584–588.
Gorham J, Wyn Jones R G and Bristol A 1990 Partial characterization of the trait for enhanced K+-Na+ discrimination in the D genome of wheat. Planta 180, 590–597.
Greenway H 1962 Plant response to saline substrates I. Growth and ion uptake of several varieties of Hordeum during and after sodium chloride treatment. Aust. J. Biol. Sci. 15, 16–38.
Greenway H and Munns R 1980 Mechanisms of salt tolerance in nonhalophytes. Annu. Rev. Plant Physiol. 31, 149–190.
Hasegawa P M, Bressan R A, Zhu J-K and Bohnert H J 2000 Plant cellular and molecular responses to high salinity. Annu. Rev. Plant Physiol. Plant Mol. Biol. 51, 463–499.
IRRI 1997 Rice varieties boost yield and improve saline soils. In Partners Making a Difference. Eds. C Dedolph, G Hettel. IRRI, Manila. p. 37.
Jeschke W D 1984 K+-Na+ exchange at cellular membranes, intracellular compartmentation of cations, and salt tolerance. In Salinity Tolerance in Plants: Strategies for Crop Improvement. Ed. R C Staples. pp. 37–66. Wiley, New York.
Jeschke W D and Hartung W 2000 Root-shoot interactions in mineral nutrition. Plant Soil 226, 57–69.
Khatun S, Rizzo C A and Flowers T J 1995 Genotypic variation in the effect of salinity on fertility in rice. Plant Soil 173, 239–250.
Kingsbury R W and Epstein E 1984 Selection for salt-resistant spring wheat. Crop Sci. 24, 310–314.
Koyama M L, Levesley A, Koebner R M D, Flowers T J and Yeo A R 2001 Quantitative trait loci for component physiological traits determining salt tolerance in rice. Plant Physiol. 125, 406–422.
Läuchli A 1984 Salt exclusion: an adaptation of legumes for crops and pastures under saline conditions. In Salinity Tolerance in Plants: Strategies for Crop Improvement. Ed. R C Staples. pp. 171–187. Wiley, New York.
Layahe P A and Epstein E 1971 Calcium and salt toleration by bean plants. Physiol. Plant. 25, 213–218.
Maas E V and Hoffman G J 1977 Crop salt tolerance-current assessment. ASCE J. Irrig. Drain. Div. 103, 115–134.
Mano Y and Takeda K 1997 Mapping quantitative trait loci for salt tolerance at germination and the seedling stage in barley (Hordeum vulgare L.). Euphytica 94, 263–272.
Muhammed S, Akbar M and Neue H U 1987 Effect of Na/Ca and Na/K ratios in saline culture solution on the growth and mineral nutrition of rice (Oryza sativa L.). Plant Soil 104, 57–62.
Mühling K H and Läuchli A 2002 Effect of salt stress on growth and cation compartmentation in leaves of two plant species differing in salt tolerance. J Plant Physiol. 159, 137–146.
Munns R 1993 Physiological processes limiting plant growth in saline soil: some dogmas and hypotheses. Plant Cell Environ. 16, 15–24.
Munns R 2002 Comparative physiology of salt and water stress. Plant Cell Environ. 25, 239–250.
Munns R, Greenway H. and Kirst G O 1983 Halotolerant eukaryotes. In Physiological Plant Ecology. III. Responses to the Chemical and Biological Environment. Eds. O L Lange, P S Nobel, C B Osmond and H Zeigler. pp. 59–135. Encycl. Plant Physiol., New Series, Vol. 12C. Springer, Berlin.
Munns R, Schachtman D P and Condon A G 1995 The significance of a two-phase growth response to salinity in wheat and barley. Aust. J. Plant Physiol. 22, 561–569.
Munns R, Hare R A, James R A and Rebetzke G J 2000 Genetic variation for improving the salt tolerance of durum wheat. Aust. J. Agric. Res. 51, 69–74.
Pitman M G 1984 Transport across the root and shoot/root interactions. In Salinity Tolerance in Plants: Strategies for Crop Improvement. Ed. R C Staples. pp. 93–123. Wiley, New York.
Rawson H M, Richards R A and Munns R 1988 An examination of selection criteria for salt-tolerance in wheat, barley and triticale genotypes. Aust. J. Agric. Res. 39, 759–772.
Ridley A M, Christy B, Dunin F X, Haines P J, Wilson K F and Ellington A 2001 Lucerne in crop rotations on the Riverine Plains 1: The soil water balance. Aust. J. Agric. Res. 52, 279–293.
Rivelli A R, James R A, Munns R and Condon A G 2002 Effect of salinity on water relations and growth of wheat genotypes with contrasting sodium uptake. Funct. Plant Biol 29 (Issue No 9). (in press).
Schachtman D P 1991 Physiology and genetics of sodium accumulation and salt tolerance in Triticum species. PhD Thesis, Australian National University.
Schachtman D and Liu W 1999 Molecular pieces to the puzzle of the interaction between potassium and sodium uptake in plants. Trends Plant Sci. 4, 281–287.
Schachtman D P, Munns R and Whitecross M I 1991 Variation of sodium exclusion and salt tolerance in Triticum tauschii. Crop Sci. 31, 992–997.
Schachtman D P, Lagudah E S and Munns R 1992 The expression of salt tolerance from Triticum tauschii in hexaploid wheat. Theor. Appl. Genet. 84, 714–719.
Semikhodskii A G, Quarrie S A and Snape J W 1997 Mapping quantitative trait loci for salinity responses in wheat. In Drought and Plant Production. pp. 83-92. Proceedings of Lipenski Vir Meeting, Serbia 1996.
Shah S H, Gorham J, Forster B P and Wyn Jones R G 1987 Salt tolerance in the Triticeae: the contribution of the D genome to cation selectivity in hexaploid wheat. J. Exp. Bot. 38, 254–269.
Storey R and Walker R R 1999 Citrus and salinity. Sci. Hort. 78, 39–81.
Szabolcs I 1994 Soils and salinisation. In Handbook of Plant and Crop Stress. Ed. M Pessarakali. pp. 3–11. Marcel Dekker, New York.
Tyerman S D and Skerrett M 1999 Root ion channels and salinity. Sci. Hort. 78, 175–235.
White P J and Broadley M R 2001 Chloride in soils and its uptake and movement within the plant: a review. Ann. Bot. 88, 967–988.
Yeo A R and Flowers T J 1986 Salinity resistance in rice (Oryza sativa L.) and a pyramiding approach to breeding varieties for saline soils. Aust. J. Plant Physiol. 13, 161–173.
Yeo A R, Lee K S, Izard P, Boursier P J and Flowers T J 1991 Shortand long-term effects of salinity on leaf growth in rice (Oryza sativa L.). J. Exp. Bot. 42, 881–889.
Zhang H X and Blumwald E 2001 Transgenic salt-tolerant tomato plants accumulate salt in foliage but not in fruit. Nat. Biotech. 19, 756–768.