Journal of Polymers and the Environment

, Volume 10, Issue 1, pp 27–30

Nanocomposites of Cellulose Acetate Butyrate Reinforced with Cellulose Nanocrystals

Article

DOI: 10.1023/A:1021065905986

Cite this article as:
Grunert, M. & Winter, W.T. Journal of Polymers and the Environment (2002) 10: 27. doi:10.1023/A:1021065905986

Abstract

Nanocrystals were prepared by acid hydrolysis of bacterial cellulose microfibrils. These were topochemically trimethylsilylated, in an attempt to reduce their hydrophilicity. Composites were made by dispersing either native or silylated crystals in cellulose acetatebutyrate matrixes and solution casting of the dispersions. Particles were characterized by transmission electron microscopy. The composites were characterized by differential scanning calorimetry and dynamic mechanical analysis. The unmodified cellulose crystals exhibited better reinforcement characteristics than the trimethylsilated crystals.

Cellulosenanocomposites, cellulosecellulose acetatebutyratethermal analysisdynamic mechanical analysis

Copyright information

© Plenum Publishing Corporation 2002

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Pulp and Paper Research CentreMcGill UniversityMontrealCanada
  2. 2.Cellulose Research Institute and Department of ChemistrySUNY College of Environmental Science and ForestrySyracuse