Mass Murder: An Analysis of Extreme Violence
Purchase on Springer.com
$39.95 / €34.95 / £29.95*
Rent the article at a discountRent now
* Final gross prices may vary according to local VAT.
Mass murder involves the slaughter of four or more victims by one or a few assailants within a single event, lasting but a few minutes or as long as several hours. More than just arbitrary, using this minimum body count—as opposed to a two- or three-victim threshold suggested by others (e.g., Ressler et al., 1988, Holmes and Holmes, 2001)—helps to distinguish multiple killing from homicide generally. Moreover, by restricting our attention to acts committed by one or a few offenders, our working definition of multiple homicide also excludes highly organized or institutionalized killings (e.g., war crimes and large-scale acts of political terrorism as well as certain acts of highly organized crime rings). Although state-sponsored killings are important in their own right, they may be better explained through the theories and methods of political science than criminology. Thus, for example, the definition of multiple homicide would include the crimes committed by Charles Manson and his followers, but not those of Hitler's Third Reich, or the 9/11 terrorists, despite some similarities in the operations of authority.
- Abrahamsen, D. 1973. The Murdering Mind. New York: Harper Colophon Books.
- American Psychiatric Association 1994. Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders. 4th Edition. Washington, D.C.: American Psychiatric Association.
- Banay, R.S. 1956. “Psychology of a Mass Murderer.” Journal of Forensic Science 1:1.
- Berne, E. 1950. “Cultural Aspects of Multiple Murder.” Psychiatric Quarterly 24:250.
- Bruch, H. 1967. “Mass Murder: The Wagner Case.” American Journal of Psychiatry 124:693–698.
- Busch, K.A. and J.L. Cavanaugh, 1986. “A Study of Multiple Murder: Preliminary Examination of the Interface Between Epistemology and Methodology.” Journal of Interpersonal Violence 1:5–23.
- Campbell, A. 1991. Men, Women, and Aggression. New York: Basic Books.
- Chaiken, J., M. Chaiken, and W. Rhodes, 1994. “Predicting Violent Behavior and Classifying Violent Offenders.” In Understanding and Preventing Violence, Volume 4, edited by A.J. Reiss, Jr. and J.A. Roth. Washington, D.C.: National Academy Press.
- Day, L.E. and M. Vandiver, “Serial Murderers and Genocidaires: Criminological Studies of Multiple Homicide and their Application to the Study of Genocide.” Paper presented at the Annual Meeting of the American Society of Criminology, San Francisco, Nov. 15, 2000.
- Dietz, M.L. 1996. “Killing Sequentially: Expanding the Parameters of the Conceptualization of Serial and Mass Murder Killers.” In Serial and Mass Murder: Theory, Research and Policy, edited by T. O'Reilly-Fleming. Toronto: Canadian Scholars' Press.
- Dietz, P.E. 1986. “Mass, Serial and Sensational Homicides.” Bulletin of the New York Academy of Medicine 62:477–491.
- Doerner, W.G. 1975. “A Regional Analysis of Homicide Rates in the United States.” Criminology 13:90–101.
- Dollard, J., L. Doob, N. Miller, O.H. Mowrer, and R.R. Sears, 1939. Frustration and Aggression. New Haven: Yale University Press.
- Egger, S.A. 1984. “A Working Definition of Serial Murder and the Reduction of Linkage Blindness.” Journal of Police Science and Administration 12:348–357.
- Evseeff, G.S. and E.M. Wisniewski, 1972. “A Psychiatric Study of a Violent Mass Murderer.” Journal of Forensic Science 17:371–376.
- Federal Bureau of Investigation. 1965, 1995, 1996. Crime in the United States: The Uniform Crime Reports. Washington, D.C.: Government Printing Office.
- Fishbein, D.H. 1990. “Biological Perspectives in Criminology.” Criminology 28:27–72.
- Fox, J.A. 2000. The Supplementary Homicide Reports, 1976–1999. Ann Arbor, MI: Criminal Justice Archive, Inter-University Consortium of Political and Social Research.
- Fox, J.A. and J. Levin, 1994a. Overkill: Mass Murder and Serial Killing Exposed. New York: Plenum.
- Fox, J.A. and J. Levin, 1994b. “Firing Back: The Growing Threat of Workplace Homicide.” The Annals of the American Academy of Political and Social Science, 536:15–30.
- Fox, J.A. and J. Levin, 1996. Killer on Campus. New York: Avon Books.
- Fox, J.A. and J. Levin, 2001. The Will to Kill: Making Sense of Senseless Murder. Boston: Allyn and Bacon.
- Frazier, S.H. 1975. “Violence and Social Impact.” In Research and the Psychiatric Patient, edited by J.C. Schoolar and C.M. Gaitz. New York: Brunner/Mazel.
- Galvin, A.V. and J.M. Macdonald, 1959. “Psychiatric Study of a Mass Murderer.” American Journal of Psychiatry 115:1057–1061.
- Gaw, A.C. and R.L. Bernstein, 1992. “Classification of Amok in DSM-IV.” Hospital and Community Psychiatry 43:789–793.
- Goldberg, C. 1996. Speaking with the Devil. New York: Viking.
- Guttmacher, M. 1960. The Mind of the Murderer. New York: Farrar, Straus, and Cudahy.
- Hale, R. 1994. “The Role of Humiliation and Embarrassment in Serial Murder.” Psychology: A Journal of Human Behavior 31:17–22.
- Harrington, A. 1972. Psychopaths. Simon and Schuster, New York.
- Henry, A. and J.F. Short, 1954. Suicide and Homicide. Glencoe, IL: Free Press.
- Holmes, R.M. and J. DeBurger, 1988. Serial Murder. Newbury Park, CA: Sage.
- Holmes, R.M. and S. Holmes, 1994. Murder in America. Newbury Park, CA: Sage.
- Holmes, R.M. and S. Holmes, 2001. Mass Murder in the United States. Upper Saddle River, New Jersey: Prentice Hall.
- Kelman, H.C. and V.L. Hamilton, 1989. Crimes of Obedience: Toward a Social Psychology of Authority and Responsibility. New Haven, CT: Yale University Press.
- Kinney, J.A. and D.L. Johnson, 1993. Breaking Point: The Workplace Violence Epidemic and What to Do about It. Chicago: National Safe Workplace Institute.
- Levin, J. and J.A. Fox, 1985. Mass Murder: America's Growing Menace. New York: Plenum Press.
- Levin, J. and J. McDevitt, 1993. Hate Crimes. New York: Plenum.
- Levin, J. and J.A. Fox, 2001. Dead Lines: Essays in Murder and Mayhem. Boston: Allyn and Bacon.
- Lewis, D.O., J.H. Pincus, M. Feldman, L. Jackson, and B. Bard, 1986. “Psychiatric, Neurological, and Psychoeducational Characteristics of 15 Death Row Inmates in the United States.” American Journal of Psychiatry 143:838–845.
- Leyton, E. 1986. Compulsive Killers: The Story of Modern Multiple Murderers. New York: New York University Press.
- Lunde, D.T. 1976. Murder and Madness. San Francisco: San Francisco Book Company.
- Magid, K. and C.A. McKelvey, 1988. High Risk: Children Without a Conscience. New York: Bantam Books.
- Mantell, M. 1994. Ticking Bombs: Defusing Violence in the Workplace. Burr Ridge, Illinois: Irwin Professional Publishing.
- O'Reilly-Fleming, T. 1996. Serial and Mass Murder: Theory, Research and Policy. Toronto: Canadian Scholars' Press.
- Palmer, S. 1960. The Psychology of Murder. New York: Crowell.
- Pinizzotto, A.J. and N.J. Finkel, 1990. “Criminal Personality Profiling: An Outcome and Process Study.” Law and Human Behavior 14:215–232.
- Phillips, D.P. 1983. “The Impact of Mass Media Violence on U.S. Homicides.” American Sociological Review 48:560–568.
- Quinn, J.F., J.E. Holman, and P.M. Tobolowsky, 1992. “Case Study Method for Teaching Theoretical Criminology.” Journal of Criminal Justice Education 3:53–70.
- Ressler, R.K., A.W. Burgess, and J.E. Douglas, 1988. Sexual Homicide: Patterns and Motives. Lexington, MA: Lexington Books.
- Riedel, M. 1993. Stranger Violence: A Theoretical. Inquiry. New York: Garland Publishers.
- Segrave, K. 1992. Women Serial and Mass Murderers: A Worldwide Reference, 1580 through 1990. Jefferson, NC: McFarland.
- Valenstein, E.S. 1976. “Brain Stimulation and the Origin of Violent Behavior.” In Issues in Brain/Behavior Control, edited by W.L. Smith and A. Kling. New York: Spectrum.
- Westermeyer, J. 1982. “Amok.” In Extraordinary Disorders of Human Behavior, edited by C.T.H. Friedmann and R.A. Faguet. New York: Plenum.
- Mass Murder: An Analysis of Extreme Violence
Journal of Applied Psychoanalytic Studies
Volume 5, Issue 1 , pp 47-64
- Cover Date
- Print ISSN
- Online ISSN
- Kluwer Academic Publishers-Plenum Publishers
- Additional Links
- mass murder