, Volume 32, Issue 6, pp 445-457

Voluntary Consumption of NaCl, KCl, CaCl2, and NH4Cl Solutions by 28 Mouse Strains

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Male mice from 28 inbred strains (129P3/J, A/J, AKR/J, BALB/cByJ, BUB/BnJ, C3H/HeJ, C57BL/6J, C57L/J, CAST/Ei, CBA/J, CE/J, DBA/2J, FVB/NJ, I/LnJ, KK/H1J, LP/J, NOD/LtJ, NZB/B1NJ, P/J, PL/J, RBF/DnJ, RF/J, RIIIS/J, SEA/GnJ, SJL/J, SM/J, SPRET/Ei, and SWR/J) were tested with NaCl (75–450 mM), KCl (30–300 mM), CaCl2 (3–100 mM), and NH4Cl (10–300 mM) solutions using two-bottle preference tests with water as the second choice. For each mineral, there was a wide range of strain variation in solution intakes and preferences. This variation had a substantial genetic component as assessed using heritability estimates. In most cases, the strain means were continuously distributed; however, strains with deviating high or low intakes or preferences were also observed. The associations among the responses to different minerals were only modest, suggesting distinct genetic controls of sodium, potassium, calcium, and ammonium consumption. These results provide a valuable resource for investigators who wish to identify genes involved in the regulation of mineral consumption and balance.