Article

Journal of Chemical Ecology

, Volume 28, Issue 10, pp 2057-2081

First online:

Oligoalginate Recognition and Oxidative Burst Play a Key Role in Natural and Induced Resistance of Sporophytes of Laminariales

  • Frithjof C. KüpperAffiliated withStation Biologique, UMR 1931, CNRS-Laboratoires GoëmarDepartment of Biology, University of Konstanz
  • , Dieter G. MüllerAffiliated withDepartment of Biology, University of Konstanz
  • , Akira F. PetersAffiliated withStation Biologique, UMR 1931, CNRS-Laboratoires GoëmarInstitute for Marine Research
  • , Bernard KloaregAffiliated withStation Biologique, UMR 1931, CNRS-Laboratoires Goëmar
  • , Philippe PotinAffiliated withStation Biologique, UMR 1931, CNRS-Laboratoires Goëmar Email author 

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Abstract

Forty-five species of brown algae (Phaeophyceae) were surveyed for their capacity to respond by an oxidative burst to challenges with alginate oligosaccharides. Intertidal frondose brown algae (Fucales) constitutively released high quantities of peroxide. The capacity to recognize oligoguluronates and to react with an oxidative burst was confined to alginate-rich taxa with complex thallus morphology, epitomized by the sporophytes of Laminariales. When kelp sporophytes were impaired in their capacity to perform an oxidative burst by the NAD(P)Hoxidase inhibitor diphenylene iodonium, they were readily degraded by their bacterial epiflora. Thus, in these algae, the oxidative response is an essential element of natural resistance. We also report on the establishment of a well-defined experimental system for investigations on kelp immunity, with Laminaria digitata as the host and its phaeophycean endophyte, Laminariocolax tomentosoides, as the pathogen. We found that an alginate-triggered oxidative burst significantly induces resistance in Laminaria digitata against infection. From these findings we infer that oligoalginate signals are important cues in the interaction between laminarialean kelps and potential pathogens.

Marine algae kelps Laminaria Laminariocolax Macrocystis oligoalginates oxidative burst natural resistance induced resistance