Journal of Thermal Analysis and Calorimetry

, Volume 69, Issue 3, pp 785–794

Calorimetric studies of the energy landscapes of glassformers by hyperquenching methods

Authors

  • C. A. Angell
    • Department of Chemistry and BiochemistryArizona State University
Article

DOI: 10.1023/A:1020691519283

Cite this article as:
Angell, C.A. Journal of Thermal Analysis and Calorimetry (2002) 69: 785. doi:10.1023/A:1020691519283

Abstract

We consider some of the conditions associated with ergodicity-breaking and vitrification, in particular the equivalent, in quench vitrification, of the ωτ=1 condition that is well-known in relaxation spectroscopy. For a given quench rate, Q=dT/dt, strong liquids are trapped at much higher temperatures, relative to Tg, than are fragile liquids. We relate the trapping of the system during quenches to the multidimensional 'energy landscape' by means of which the configurational microstates of the system are defined. To characterize the energy landscape at energy levels that are usually associated with fluid materials, we use differential scanning calorimetry on hyperquenched glasses. This yields not only the excess potential energies of the states trapped-in during quench Q, but also the trap depths. The latter are found to be much smaller, relative to kTg, for strong liquids than they are for fragile liquids.

energy landscapefictive temperaturehyperquenchingglass transition

Copyright information

© Kluwer Academic Publishers/Akadémiai Kiadó 2002