First multi-generation culture of the tropical cuttlefish Sepia pharaonis Ehrenberg, 1831
Rent the article at a discountRent now
* Final gross prices may vary according to local VAT.Get Access
Sepiapharaonis, the pharaoh cuttlefish was cultured through multiplegenerations in the laboratory (5 consecutive generations) using closed,recirculating water filtration systems. The eggs of the original parentalgeneration (GP) were spawned by a wild caught Gulf of Thailandfemale in alocal fisheries laboratory, then packed and shipped air cargo to Texas wherehatching occurred. The culture temperature ranged 25°–28°C, except for one generation that was chilled intentionallyto21 °C and then warmed to 25 °C after 9.6months. Spawning occurred as early as day 161. Spawning output was high in allgenerations except the group that was cultured at 21 °C. Eggfertility was low in captivity (< 20%), but hatchling survival was high(>70%). The average egg incubation time was 13.6 d at 25–28°C. The largest spawn resulted in 600 viable hatchlings andthesmallest resulted in 11 hatchlings. The cuttlefish ate a wide variety ofestuarine crustaceans and fishes as well as frozen shrimp. There were noapparent disease problems since survival from hatching to maturity was over70%.The average life span for cuttlefish cultured at 25–28°Cwas 8.9 months and 12.3 months at 21 °C. Size at hatching wasmeasured for fourth generation (G4) hatchlings; the mean weight athatching was 0.103 g and the mean mantle length was 6.4mm. The largest cuttlefish cultured was a male 300 mmML and 3,045 g; the oldest cuttlefish lived 340 d.This cuttlefish species presents an excellent choice for commercial mariculturebecause of its rapid growth, short life span, tolerance to crowding andhandling, resistance to disease and feeding habits.
- Aoyama T. and Nguyen T. 1989. Stock assessment of cuttlefish off the coast of People's Democratic Republic of Yemen. Journal of Shimonoseki University of Fisheries 37: 61-112.
- Chotiyaputta C. 1993. Cephalopod resources of Thailand. In: Recent Advances in Fisheries Biology. Tokai University Press, Tokyo, pp. 71-80.
- Dunning M., McKinnon S., Lu C., Yeatman J. and Cameron D. 1994. Demersal cephalopods of the Gulf of Carpentaria, Australia. Australian Journal of Marine and Freshwater Research 45: 351-374.
- Forsythe J.W., Hanlon R.T. and Lee P.G. 1990. A formulary for treating cephalopod mollusc diseases. In: Perkins F.O. and Cheng T.C. (eds), Pathology in Marine Science. Academic Press, Inc., San Diego, pp. 51-63.
- Forsythe J.W., Hanlon R.T. and DeRusha R. 1991. Pilot large-scale culture of Sepia in biomedical research. In: Boucaud-Camou E. (ed.), The Cuttlefish: Acta I. Int. Symp. Cuttlefish Sepia. Centre de Publications de l'Universite de Caen, Caen, USA, pp. 313-323.
- Forsythe J.W., DeRusha R.H. and Hanlon R.T. 1994. Growth, reproduction and life span of Sepia officinalis Cephalopoda: Mollusca cultured through seven consecutive generations. Journal of the Zoological Society of London 233: 175-192.
- Gabr H., Hanlon R., Hanafy M. and El-Etreby S. 1998. Maturation, fecundity and seasonality of reproduction of two commercially valuable cuttlefish, Sepia pharaonis and Sepia dollfusi, in the Suez Canal. Fisheries Research 36: 99-115.
- Gabr H., Hanlon R., El-Etreby S. and Hanafy M. 1999. Reproductive versus somatic tissue growth during the life cycle of the cuttlefish Sepia pharaonis Ehrenberg, 1831. Fisheries Bulletin 97: 802-811.
- Hanlon R.T. and Forsythe J.W. 1990. 1: Diseases of Mollusca: Cephalopoda, 1.1: Diseases caused by microorganisms, and 1.3: Structural abnormalities and neoplasia. In: Kinne O. (ed.), Diseases of Marine Animals: Cephalopoda to Urochordata. Vol. 3. Biologische Anstalt Helgoland, Hamburg, pp. 23-46.
- Lee P.G., Turk P.E., Yang W.T. and Hanlon R.T. 1994. Biological characteristics and biomedical applications of the squid Sepioteuthis lessoniana cultured through multiple generations. Biological Bulletin 186: 328-341.
- Lee P.G., Walsh L., Turk P.E. and Dimarco F.P. 2000. Large-scale culture of loliginid squid Sepioteuthis lessoniana through multiple generations. In: Proceedings from the Special Session on Mollusc Culture. Fifth Asian Fisheries Forum: Chiang Mai, Thailand, pp. 217-225.
- Lin J. and Su W. 1994. Early phase of fish habitation around a new artificial reef off southwestern Taiwan. Bulletin of Marine Science 55: 1112-1121.
- Nabhitabhata J. 1995. Mass culture of cephalopods in Thailand. World Aquaculture 26: 25-29.
- Nabhitabhata J. and Nilaphat P. 1999. Life cycle of cultured pharaoh cuttlefish, Sepia pharaonis Ehrenberg, 1831. Phuket Marine Biological Center Special Publication 19: 25-40.
- Norman M. 2000. Cephalopods of the World. ConchBooks, Hackenheim, Germany, pp. 320.
- Norman M. and Reid A. 2000. Pharaoh's Cuttlefish, Sepia pharaonis. A Guide to Squid, Cuttlefish, and Octopuses of Australasia. CSIRO Publishing: Collingwood, Victoria, pp. 29.
- Turk P.E. and Lee P.G. 1991. Design and economic analysis of airlift versus electrical pump driven recirculating aquaculture systems. In: NRAES (ed.), Engineering Aspects of Intensive Aquaculture., pp. 271-283.
- Watanuki N., Rodriguez E., Blanco R. and Badan R. 1993. Introduction of Cuttlefish Basket Trap in Palawan, Philippines. In: Okutani T., O'Dor R.K. and Kubodera T. (eds), Recent Advances in Fisheries Biology. Tokai University Press, Tokyo, pp. 627-631.
- Yang W.T., Hanlon R.T., Lee P.G. and Turk P.E. 1989. Design and function of closed seawater systems for culturing loliginid squids. Aquaculture Engineering 8: 47-65.
- First multi-generation culture of the tropical cuttlefish Sepia pharaonis Ehrenberg, 1831
Volume 9, Issue 5 , pp 379-392
- Cover Date
- Print ISSN
- Online ISSN
- Kluwer Academic Publishers
- Additional Links
- Sepia pharaonis