Biopi®acy and Intellectual Property as the Basis for Biotechnological Development: The Case of Mexico

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Abstract

This article provides a geopolitical and geoeconomic analysis of the strategic foundation of biodiversity, as the basis for the development of technologies that are leading the technological revolution in the early 21st century, specifically in relation to the advance of biotechnology. It explores the mechanisms promoted by Nation States and Multinationals involved in biobusiness in order to establish global processes of biotic plundering in highly biodiverse areas—biopiracy—as well as the forms of their appropriation—patenting genetic material and its related knowledge. This dynamic is analyzed at the world level and discussed with specific reference to Mexico.