, Volume 57, Issue 10, pp 928-934

Separation of Substances in Rotating Coiled Columns: From Trace Elements to Microparticles

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Abstract

The potentialities of rotating coiled columns in countercurrent chromatography (CCC) and centrifugal field-flow fractionation (CFFF) are demonstrated. A rotating coiled column is a fluoroplastic or steel coil wound around a rigid cylindrical drum, which revolves about its axis and, at the same time, revolves around the central axis of the device called planet centrifuge. The stationary (liquid, solid, or heterogeneous) phase is retained in the column because of the centrifugal force field, and the mobile liquid phase is continuously pumped through the column. The methods for recovery, separation, and preconcentration of various trace elements in geological samples and high-purity substances with the use of two-phase liquid systems (CCC) are developed. Procedures are proposed for the continuous sequential extraction of various element species from soil and for the recovery of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons from sewage sludge with the use of natural suspensions or solid particulates as stationary phases. It is also shown that rotating coiled columns can be used in a new field, microparticle fractionation by CFFF.