Article

Sex Roles

, Volume 46, Issue 9, pp 279-293

First online:

Does Absence Make the Heart Grow Fonder? Work-Related Travel and Marital Satisfaction

  • Patricia V. RoehlingAffiliated withPsychology Department, Hope CollegeCornell Employment and Family Careers Institute, Blec MVR Hall, Cornell University
  • , Marta BultmanAffiliated withPsychology Department, Hope College

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Abstract

Using a sample of 961 dual-earner couples, the authors examined the relationship between work-related travel and marital satisfaction, using gender role attitudes and parental status as moderators. For women and men with children, the impact of travel is generally consistent with gender role congruence theory, which posits that marital satisfaction will be highest when gender role attitudes and gender role behaviors are congruent. Generally, when one holds traditional gender role attitudes, marital satisfaction is stable or enhanced when the husband travels, and is lower when the wife travels. Nontraditional parents are generally less happy if either member travels. The results were less predictable among couples without children in the home.

travel marital satisfaction gender role children