Sex Roles

, Volume 46, Issue 9, pp 295–309

The Influences of Sex and Gender-Role Identity on Moral Cognition and Prosocial Personality Traits

  • Eva E. A. Skoe
  • Amanda Cumberland
  • Nancy Eisenberg
  • Kristine Hansen
  • Judi Perry
Article

DOI: 10.1023/A:1020224512888

Cite this article as:
Skoe, E.E.A., Cumberland, A., Eisenberg, N. et al. Sex Roles (2002) 46: 295. doi:10.1023/A:1020224512888

Abstract

The relations of sex and gender-role identity to moral thought and prosocial personality traits were examined. Two hundred and nine men and women rated the importance of real-life, care-related, justice-related, and mixed (both care- and justice-related) moral dilemmas. Responses on the real-life and mixed dilemmas also were scored for care and justice orientations. Women and feminine persons viewed moral conflicts as more important than did men and masculine people. On the mixed dilemmas, women scored higher than men on care reasoning, whereas men scored higher than women on justice reasoning. Regardless of sex or gender role, relational real-life dilemmas evoked higher importance and care reasoning scores than did nonrelational ones. Women and persons high in femininity showed more empathic concern for other people. Masculine persons scored lower on personal distress, whereas androgynous persons reported more helpful behaviors than did all others.

moral orientation prosocial personality sex differences gender roles 

Copyright information

© Plenum Publishing Corporation 2002

Authors and Affiliations

  • Eva E. A. Skoe
    • 1
    • 2
  • Amanda Cumberland
    • 3
  • Nancy Eisenberg
    • 3
  • Kristine Hansen
    • 4
  • Judi Perry
    • 5
  1. 1.Norwegian University of Science and TechnologyNorway
  2. 2.Department of PsychologyUniversity of OsloOsloNorway
  3. 3.Arizona State University
  4. 4.University of WinnipegCanada
  5. 5.University of TromsøNorway

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