, Volume 61, Issue 3, pp 291-307

Biogeochemical response to physical forcing in the water column of a warm monomictic lake

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Abstract

Based on microstructure measurements of temperature and horizontalcurrent velocity the physical structure in the water column of Lake Kinneretwascharacterized as a five layer system consisting of a surface mixed layer, lowerepilimnion, metalimnion, upper hypolimnion and benthic boundary layer. Usingoxygen and hydrogen sulfide as natural chemical tracers, the time scale ofchemical change was identified in relation to advection, mixing and biologicalprocesses. Rapid changes due to advection that took place on an hourly timescale were removed by referring the data back to the temperature of the water.Biological activity dominated the hydrochemical changes observed in the meta-and upper hypolimnion. These were expressed by DO depletion rates of 2.0 and0.4g m−2 d−1, respectively.Verticaland horizontal mixing were shown to occur on a seasonal time scale. Once thechemical stratification process was completed the slow mixing through thebenthic boundary layer became the limiting factor for subsequent reactions inthe water column.