Journal of Business and Psychology

, Volume 17, Issue 2, pp 245–260

Understanding Self-Report Bias in Organizational Behavior Research


    • Department of PsychologyClaremont Graduate University
  • Elisa J. Grant-Vallone
    • California State University

DOI: 10.1023/A:1019637632584

Cite this article as:
Donaldson, S.I. & Grant-Vallone, E.J. Journal of Business and Psychology (2002) 17: 245. doi:10.1023/A:1019637632584


Self-report and mono-method bias often threaten the validity of research conducted in business settings and thus hinder the development of theories of organizational behavior. This paper outlines a conceptual framework for understanding factors that influence the motivation of an employee to bias his or her responses to questions posed by organizational researchers. Using a longitudinal, multitrait-multimethod dataset, we illustrate various aspects of the problem and argue that traditional approaches for controlling self-report bias do not adequately prevent the problem. The results suggest the need for developing a theory of method effects and companion analytic techniques to improve the accuracy of psychological research in business settings.

self-report biasorganizational behavior researchmethod biasconstruct validity

Copyright information

© Human Sciences Press, Inc. 2002