Pharmaceutical Research

, Volume 9, Issue 1, pp 109–114

Evaluation of the Physical Stability of Freeze-Dried Sucrose-Containing Formulations by Differential Scanning Calorimetry

  • Marcel P. W. M. te Booy
  • Rien A. de Ruiter
  • André L. J. de Meere
Article

DOI: 10.1023/A:1018944113914

Cite this article as:
te Booy, M.P.W.M., de Ruiter, R.A. & de Meere, A.L.J. Pharm Res (1992) 9: 109. doi:10.1023/A:1018944113914

Abstract

Freeze-dried samples of sucrose with buffer salts, amino acids, or dextran have been analyzed with differential scanning calorimetry (DSC) to evaluate the use of DSC thermograms in predicting the physical storage stability. The glass transition temperature, Tg, of the amorphous cake, crystallization, and melting of sucrose are observed with DSC. Tg appeared to be an important characteristic of the physical stability of the amorphous freeze-dried cake. A storage temperature above Tg results in collapse or shrinkage of the cake, which for a sucrose-based formulation, may be accompanied by crystallization of the sucrose. The Tg of the amorphous sucrose is influenced by other components present in the cake. Dextran-40 raised Tg, while the addition of glycine to the formulation lowered Tg. The residual moisture content strongly influences Tg, since water acts as a plasticizer of the system; the higher the moisture content, the lower the Tg and the less physically stable the freeze-dried cake. Crystallization of amorphous sucrose is shown to be inhibited by high molecular weight components or ionic compounds. DSC analysis of freeze-dried cakes proved to be a powerful tool in formulation studies.

freeze-drying differential scanning calorimetry glass transition temperature collapse crystallization 

Copyright information

© Plenum Publishing Corporation 1992

Authors and Affiliations

  • Marcel P. W. M. te Booy
    • 1
  • Rien A. de Ruiter
    • 1
  • André L. J. de Meere
    • 1
  1. 1.AKZO Pharma divisionOrganon International B.V.OssThe Netherlands
  2. 2.Organon International B.V.OssThe Netherlands