Sex Roles

, Volume 39, Issue 1, pp 97–112

The New Old-Fashioned Girl: Effects of Gender and Social Desirability on Reported Gender-Role Ideology

  • Stephen W. Theriault
  • Diane Holmberg

DOI: 10.1023/A:1018881917133

Cite this article as:
Theriault, S.W. & Holmberg, D. Sex Roles (1998) 39: 97. doi:10.1023/A:1018881917133


In order to assess the effects of socialdesirability on (1) reported gender-role ideology and(2) the relative acceptance of rape myths, a shortsocial desirability (SD) scale was integrated into aquestionnaire containing items from both attitude sets.Participants were 160 university students. Less than 5%of the sample was of other than European ethnicity. Agender by SD interaction was predicted, wherein high SD would predict more feminist beliefs for men;the relationship was expected to be less strong forwomen. Although a significant gender by SD interactionwas found, the pattern of results was unexpected. SD did not predict attitudes for men, and womenwho were high in SD actually reported more traditionalgender-role attitudes and were more accepting of rapemyths than women lower in SD. Interpretations and implications of these unexpected findingsare discussed.

Copyright information

© Plenum Publishing Corporation 1998

Authors and Affiliations

  • Stephen W. Theriault
  • Diane Holmberg

There are no affiliations available

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