Optical and Quantum Electronics

, Volume 29, Issue 2, pp 157-171

First online:

On beam propagation methods for modelling in integrated optics

  • H. J. W. M. HoekstraAffiliated withLightwave Device Group, MESA Research Institute, University of Twente

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In this paper the main features of the Fourier transform and finite difference beam propagation methods are summarized. Limitations and improvements, related to the paraxial approximation, finite differencing and tilted structures are discussed.