Cancer Causes & Control

, Volume 8, Issue 1, pp 85–92

Malignant melanoma in Europe: changes in mortality rates (1970-90) in European Community countries

  • Daniela Balzi
  • Paolo Carli
  • Marco Geddes

DOI: 10.1023/A:1018491323442

Cite this article as:
Balzi, D., Carli, P. & Geddes, M. Cancer Causes Control (1997) 8: 85. doi:10.1023/A:1018491323442


Reducing mortality, especially premature death, is a major goal of the fight against cancer. In this study, we have analyzed trends in malignant melanoma (MM) mortality in the European Community (EC) as a whole and for each country. The data (obtained from the World Health Organization data bank) have been analyzed for the period 1970-90, by age groups (20-44, 45-64, 65-74, 75+ years). Trends are presented as percentage change of mortality rate for each three-year period in comparison with the rate in the first one (1970-72). The mortality from MM in the EC as a whole increased for both genders (men, +89.2 percent; women, +72.6 percent), with statistically significant trends in all age classes. Northern countries experienced mortality changes about 30 to 50 percent less than the EC average increase. Greater changes were seen in southern European countries, in which recent standardized rates are near to those observed in northern European populations. Among Mediterranean people, the highest increase (more than fourfold) was observed in Spain. The significant increase found for the younger age class makes unlikely the risk of misclassification with other skin cancers. No future decrease in MM mortality in the EC is indicated from these data.

Cancer preventionEuropemelanomamortalitytrends

Copyright information

© Chapman and Hall 1997

Authors and Affiliations

  • Daniela Balzi
    • 1
  • Paolo Carli
    • 2
  • Marco Geddes
    • 3
  1. 1.Epidemiology Unit SMPOFlorenceItaly
  2. 2.Institute of DermatologyUniversity of FlorenceFlorenceItaly
  3. 3.Unit of Descriptive Epidemiology IT (Genoa), Satellite Unit c/o SMPOFlorenceItaly