Use of the MQoL-HIV with asymptomatic HIV-positive patients
- Cite this article as:
- Smith, K.W., Swislow, L., Avis, N.E. et al. Qual Life Res (1997) 6: 555. doi:10.1023/A:1018412216638
The purpose of this study was to determine the appropriateness of the recently developed Multidimensional Quality of Life Questionnaire for HIV/AIDS (MQoL-HIV) as a measure of quality of life (QoL) in cases of asymptomatic human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection. The MQoL-HIV is a 40-item instrument measuring ten domains (mental health, physical health, physical functioning, social functioning, social support, cognitive functioning, financial status, partner intimacy, sexual functioning and medical care) relevant to HIV infection. An overall QoL score, the MQoL-HIV Index, is a weighted composite of two domain scores. In a sample of 216 HIV-infected men and women, the MQoL-HIV distinguished acquired immune deficiency syndrome (AIDS), symptomatic and asymptomatic cases in overall QoL and in seven individual QoL domains. The index was responsive to perceived QoL changes over 5.5 months (r = 0.52). We also found the MQoL-HIV was less susceptible to ceiling effects in asymptomatic cases than was the Medical Outcomes Study (MOS) SF-20. These results suggest that the MQoL-HIV is a valid and reliable measure of QoL for both asymptomatic and symptomatic HIV infection.