Journal of Chemical Ecology

, Volume 28, Issue 2, pp 333–341

Characterization and Toxicity of Amanita cokeri Extract


DOI: 10.1023/A:1017986108720

Cite this article as:
Drehmel, D.C. & Chilton, W.S. J Chem Ecol (2002) 28: 333. doi:10.1023/A:1017986108720


The nonprotein amino acids 2-amino-3-cyclopropylbutanoic acid and 2-amino-5-chloro-4-pentenoic acid were isolated from the mushroom Amanita cokeri. The cyclopropyl amino acid is toxic to the fungus Cercospora kikuchii, the arthropod Oncopeltus fasciatus (milk weed bug), and the bacteria Agrobacterium tumefaciens, Erwinia amylovora, and Xanthomonas campestris. Toxicity to bacteria was reversible by addition of isoleucine to the medium. No toxicity was observed for 2-amino-5-chloro-4-pentenoic acid.

BasidiomycesAmanitaLepidella2-amino-3-cyclopropylbutanoic acid2-amino-5-chloro-4-pentenoic acidOncopeltusCercosporaAgrobacteriumErwiniaXanthomonas

Copyright information

© Plenum Publishing Corporation 2002

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of BotanyNorth Carolina State UniversityRaleigh