, Volume 422, Issue 0, pp 71–83

Mayflies (Insecta: Ephemeroptera) and the assessment of ecological integrity : a methodological approach

  • Ernst Bauernfeind
  • Otto Moog

DOI: 10.1023/A:1017090504518

Cite this article as:
Bauernfeind, E. & Moog, O. Hydrobiologia (2000) 422: 71. doi:10.1023/A:1017090504518


Mayflies (Ephemeroptera) play an important role in almost all undisturbed freshwater communities and their larvae frequently form a considerable part of the material sampled during biomonitoring procedures. Mayfly taxa are widely accepted as bioindicators for water quality and form an integral part of standardized systems for the saprobic evaluation of running waters. Nevertheless, successful interpretation of data depends heavily on sampling strategies and the technical concepts adopted therein. The following paper discusses current problems affecting the correct assessment of mayfly community structure and proposes basic requirements to improve the meaningfulness of limnological routine sampling with regard to Ephemeroptera. The topics covered include: mayfly diversity in different types of freshwater communities in Europe; natural habitats and sampling sites / sampling strategies; life cycles and minimum sampling frequency; level of identification and interpretation of data.

Ephemeropteramayfliesecological integritynatural habitatssampling strategiestypical assemblagesidentification

Copyright information

© Kluwer Academic Publishers 2000

Authors and Affiliations

  • Ernst Bauernfeind
    • 1
  • Otto Moog
    • 2
  1. 1.Naturhistorisches Museum Wien, I.Zool.AbteilungViennaAustria
  2. 2.Department of Hydrobiology, Fisheries and AquacultureUniversity of Agricultural Sciences ViennaViennaAustria