Who Is Referred to Mental Health Services in the Juvenile Justice System?
Purchase on Springer.com
$39.95 / €34.95 / £29.95*
Rent the article at a discountRent now
* Final gross prices may vary according to local VAT.
We describe the mental health referral rate among youth in a correction facility, examine how sociodemographic and criminal history characteristics relate to referral, and explore how these variables and diagnostic class differ by referral source. Data were abstracted from case records. The referral rate was low (6%). Non-Latino youth, repeat offenders, and violent offenders were more likely to be referred compared to all detained youth. Referral source also varied by violent offense history and diagnosis type. Future studies examining access to mental health services should take into account a detained youth's sociodemographic, criminal history, and clinical characteristics.
- American Psychiatric Association. (1994). Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (4thEdition). Washington, DC: Author.
- Anno, B. (1984). The availability of health services for juvenile offenders: Preliminary results of a national survey. Journal of Prison and Jail Health, 4 77-90.
- Atkins, D.L., Pumariega, A. J., Rogers, K. M., Montgomery, L., Nybro C, Caesar, R., & Millus, D. (1999). Mental health and incarcerated youth. I: Prevalence and nature of psychopathology. Journal of Child and Family Studies, 8 193-204.
- Barnum, R., Famularo, R., Bunshaft, D., Fenton, T., & Bolduc, S. (1989). Clinical evaluation of juvenile delinquents: Who gets court referred? Bulletin of the American Academy of Psychiatry and the Law, 17 335-344.
- Barton, W. (1976). Discretionary decision-making in juvenile justice. Crime and Delinquency, 22 470-480.
- Cocozza, J. (1991). Responding to the mental health needs of youth in the juvenile justice system. Seattle Washington: National Coalition for Youth in the Juvenile Justice System.
- Cohen, R., Parmelee, D., Irwin, L., Weisz, J., Howard, P., Purcell, P., & Best, A. (1990). Characteristics of children and adolescents in a psychiatric hospital and a corrections facility. Journal of American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry, 29 909-913.
- Davis, L. D., Bean, J. G. Jr., Schumacher, E. J., & Stringer, L. T. (1991). Prevalence of emotional disorders in a juvenile justice institutional population. American Journal of Forensic Psychology, 9 5-17.
- Dembo, R., Williams, L., & Schmeidler, J. (1993). Gender differences in mental health service needs among youths entering a juvenile detention center. Journal of Prison and Jail Health, 12(2), 73-101.
- Glasgow, D. G. (1980). The black underclass: Poverty, unemployment and entrapment of ghetto youth. San Francisco, CA: Jossey-Bass.
- Gunter-Justice, T. D., & Ott, D. A. (1997). Who does the family court refer for psychiatric services? Journal of Forensic Sciences, 42 1104-1106.
- McMiller, W.P., & Weisz, J.R. (1996). Help-seeking preceding mental health clinic intake among African-American, Latino, and Caucasian youths. Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry, 35 1086-1094.
- Otto, R. K., Greenstein, J. J., Johnson, M. K., & Freidman, R. M. (1992). Prevalence of mental disorders among youth in the juvenile justice system. In J. J. Cocozza (Ed.), Responding to the Mental Health Needs of Youth in the Juvenile Justice System (pp. 7-48). Seattle, Washington: The National Coalition for the Mentally Ill in the Criminal Justice System.
- Pumariega, A.J., Atkins, D.L., Rogers, K.M., Montgomery, L., Nybro, C., Caesar, R., & Millus, D. (1999) Mental health and incarcerated youth II: Service utilization. Journal of Child and Family Studies, 8 205-215.
- Robins, L.N. (1985) Reflections on testing the validity of psychiatric interviews. Archives of General Psychiatry, 42 918-924.
- Shanok, S., & Lewis, D. (1977). Juvenile court versus child guidance referral: Psychosocial and parental factors. American Journal of Psychiatry, 134 1130-1133.
- Snyder, H. & Sickmund, M. (1999). Juvenile offenders and victims: A national report. Washington, DC: Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention.
- Sorensen, J. (1978). Outcome evaluation of a referral system for juvenile offenders. American Journal of Community Psychology, 6 381-388.
- Stata Corporation (1995). Stata Statistical Software: Release 4.0 [Computer Software]. College Station, TX: Author.
- Vander-Stoep, A., Evens, C., & Taub, J. (1997). I. Risk of juvenile justice system referral among children in a public mental health system. Journal of Mental Health Administration, 24 428-442.
- Westendorp, F., Brink, K., Roberson, M., & Ortiz, I. (1986). Variables which differentiate placement of adolescents into juvenile justice or mental health systems. Adolescence, 21 23-37.
- Wilson, W. J. (1987). The truly disadvantaged: The inner city, the underclass and public policy. Chicago: University of Chicago Press.
- Who Is Referred to Mental Health Services in the Juvenile Justice System?
Journal of Child and Family Studies
Volume 10, Issue 4 , pp 485-494
- Cover Date
- Print ISSN
- Online ISSN
- Kluwer Academic Publishers-Plenum Publishers
- Additional Links
- mental health
- juvenile justice
- service use
- Author Affiliations
- 1. Department of Neuropsychiatry and Behavioral Science, University of South Carolina School of Medicine, Columbia, SC
- 2. Department of Psychiatry, UCLA Neuropsychiatric Institute, Los Angeles, CA
- 3. Mental Health Services, Barry J. Nidorf Juvenile Hall, Sylmar, CA
- 4. Department of Psychiatry and Behavioral Science, James H. Quillen College of Medicine, East Tennessee State University, Johnson City, TN