Journal of Family and Economic Issues

, Volume 22, Issue 2, pp 171–189

Job Segregation and Gender Differences in Work-Family Spillover Among White-Collar Workers

  • David J. Maume
  • Paula Houston

DOI: 10.1023/A:1016682213699

Cite this article as:
Maume, D.J. & Houston, P. Journal of Family and Economic Issues (2001) 22: 171. doi:10.1023/A:1016682213699


We test two propositions in this paper: (1) work-family conflict varies with gender composition and hours on the job; and (2) women will experience more tension between work and family responsibilities than will men. Using a sample of white-collar workers, we measured work-family conflict with a composite scale tapping negative job-to-home spillover. Workgroup composition had no effect on men's reported work-family conflict, while work hours was positively associated with work-family conflict. For women, longer work hours and tokenism in the immediate workgroup increased perceptions of work-family conflict, but unexpectedly, the interaction of work hours and tokenism was negatively related to work-family conflict. We explored several possible arguments for this contrary finding.

work-family conflictjob segregationtokenismface timegender

Copyright information

© Human Sciences Press, Inc. 2001

Authors and Affiliations

  • David J. Maume
    • 1
  • Paula Houston
    • 2
  1. 1.Kunz Center for the Study of Work & Family, Department of SociologyUniversity of CincinnatiCincinnati
  2. 2.Cincinnati State Technical and Community CollegeSociology Department at the University of CincinnatiUSA