A Phase I Study of SPI-077 (Stealth® Liposomal Cisplatin) Concurrent with Radiation Therapy for Locally Advanced Head and Neck Cancer
- Cite this article as:
- Rosenthal, D.I., Yom, S.S., Liu, L. et al. Invest New Drugs (2002) 20: 343. doi:10.1023/A:1016201732368
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Background: Liposomal cisplatinpreparations have two potential advantagesover the free drug when combined withradiation therapy (RT): 1) selective tumorlocalization, improving the therapeuticratio, and 2) prolonged half-life, allowingmore radiosensitization. We performed aPhase I study of Stealth® liposomalcisplatin (SPI-077) concurrent with RT forhead and neck squamous cell carcinoma(HNSCC).
Methods: Patients with StageIVa/b HNSCC were treated with SPI-077,given intravenously twice two weeks apart,concurrent with RT (60–72 Gy in 6–7 weeks).The SPI-077 dose was escalated in standardphase I design.
Results: Twenty patientsreceived 38 doses of SPI-077, escalatedfrom 20–200 mg/m2 in six dose levels.Two of these patients received one dosebecause of reversible Grade 3 livertoxicity or rash. Three patients had aGrade 1, and one had a Grade 2 infusionreaction. Four patients had transientlyelevated transaminases: Grade 1 (n = 1),Grade 2 (n = 1), and Grade 3 (n = 2). Grade 3neutropenia occurred in one patient. Therewas no ototoxicity, neurotoxicity, ornephrotoxicity. In-field radiation skin andmucosal toxicities did not appear to beintensified. Ten of 17 patients (59%)finishing treatment achieved initialcomplete response.
Conclusions: Systemic andin-field radiation toxicities of SPI-077were minimal. Infusion reactions wereminimized with a slower and more diluteinitial infusion. Further dose escalationwas stopped in the absence of dose-limitingtoxicity to address the reformulation ofthe liposomally bound cisplatin.Nonetheless, this study shows that highdoses of SPI-077 can be given safely. Thepotentially beneficial therapeutic ratiosuggests that liposomal radiosensitizerpreparations warrant furtherinvestigation.