Environmental Biology of Fishes

, Volume 64, Issue 1, pp 223-228

Characterization of Charr Chromosomes Using Fluorescence in Situ Hybridization

  • Ruth B. PhillipsAffiliated withDepartment of Biological Sciences, University of Wisconsin-Milwaukee
  • , Makoto P. MatsuokaAffiliated withInstitute of Marine Biosciences, National Research Council
  • , Kent M. ReedAffiliated withDepartment of Veterinary Pathobiology, University of Minnesota

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The chromosomal locations of several families of tandem repetitive DNA sequences and the 5S rDNA were determined using fluorescence in situ hybridization (FISH) in the five North American charr species: Salvelinus namaycush, S. fontinalis, S. alpinus, S. malma, and S. confluentus. The pattern of hybridization of three centromeric repetitive sequences previously isolated from S. namaycush and S. alpinus was unique in each species. Dual-color FISH experiments showed that in several species many of the centromeres had the EcoRI-DraI family in addition to either the AluI-RsaI type A or type B families. The EcoRI-DraI family which was found only at the centromeres of acrocentric chromosomes in S. namaycush, S. fontinalis and S. malma was also found at centromeres of selected metacentrics in S. alpinus (one pair) and S. confluentus (four pairs) whose chromosomes have undergone additional centric fusions compared to the other species. The locations of 5S rDNA sequences were different in each species except for the two most closely related (S. alpinus and S. malma). Two whole-arm chromosome paint probes, one specific for the short and the other for the long arm of the lake charr sex chromosomes, hybridize to the same chromosome pair in all species. Results with other paint probes suggest that independent centric fusions have occurred in S. alpinus and S. confluentus which is consistent with the phylogenetic tree obtained previously for Salvelinus with cytogenetic and DNA data.

FISH Salvelinus