, Volume 58, Issue 2, pp 131-136

Antitumor Effect of TNP-470 is not Associated to Decrease of Angiogenesis in an Experimental Malignant Neuroectodermic Tumor

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Abstract

The hypothesis that tumor growth depends on neovascularization has been broadly used in oncology research. TNP-470 is a fumagillin synthetic analog that is isolated from Aspergillus fumigatus, and experimental studies suggested that it shows antitumor effect mediated by its strong antiangiogenic effect. Because limited experience exists about the antitumoral effect of TNP-470 in cerebral tumors, we have carried out a study in order to evaluate the effect of TNP-470 on tumor growth and the vascular area in an experimental malignant neuroectodermic tumor growing in the subcutaneous space of immunocompetent Wistar rats. Our results showed a significant tumor growth inhibition in animals treated with TNP-470 when compared to those in the control group (intratumoral injections were administered in 30 mg/kg dose, three times a week on alternate days during four consecutive weeks). Since the quantitative analysis of tumor vascular parameters – number of microvessels and total intratumor vascular area – in the experimental groups did not show significant statistical differences, we conclude that TNP-470 has a significant antitumor effect on our neuroectodermic tumor, but this effect is mediated by other antineoplastic mechanisms that are independent of its previously described angiostatic capacity.