Soil-to-plant transfer of 137Cs and other essential and trace elements in cabbage plants
- Cite this article as:
- Tsukada, H. & Hasegawa, H. Journal of Radioanalytical and Nuclear Chemistry (2002) 252: 219. doi:10.1023/A:1015789500124
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The concentrations of 137Cs and other essential and trace elements were determined in soils and in cabbage heads collected from 8 agricultural fields in Aomori Prefecture, Japan and the soil-to-plant transfer factors were determined. The 95% confidence intervals of the elements, excluding 137Cs, La and Ce, were within 2 orders of magnitude. The transfer factor of 137Cs was approximately 4 times higher than that of Cs, and they were well correlated. In addition, the distributions of elemental concentrations in different leaf positions of a cabbage plant were also determined and were divided into three groups according to their different distribution patterns in the leaf positions. These patterns were as follows: (1) the concentrations of the elements in older (outer) leaves were higher than in younger (inner) ones (Ca, Sr, etc.), (2) the concentrations of the element had a relatively constant value independent of their leaf position (K, Rb, etc.), and (3) the concentrations of the elements were higher in both the older and younger leaves compared to the leaves in the middle portion (Zn). The percentage distribution of the dry weight contents in the edible leaves of cabbage plants was 41% at harvest time, however each element had different distribution patterns.